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Glossary

caliph

a successor of the Prophet Muhammad and head of the Islamic community; traditionally always male

elephantiasis

A chronic, often extreme enlargement and hardening of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue, especially of the legs, resulting from lymphatic obstruction.

Hijra

Emigration of the Prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina in AD 622.

Ibn

Arabic for "son of"

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Ali Ibn-Radwan
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Abul Hassan Ali Ibn-Radwan Ibn-Ali Ibn-Gaafar belonged to a working class family. He was born in the environs of Giza, where his father was a baker. He studied and practiced medicine before reaching the age of fifteen. He also practiced astrology to earn his living so that he could continue his study of medicine and philosophy.

He was a contemporary of Ibn Al-Haitham the notable scholar, with whom he had scientific correspondence. He worked for the Caliph Al-Hakim Bi Amr Allah, and was the head of the Egyptian physicians at that time. He lent an Arab-Islamic character to Hippocrates' medical oath. In his books he described the attributes of the ideal physician, particularly fidelity and decency, especially while treating women. The date of his death is not certain. It is estimated to be between 453 after Hijra and 460 after Hijra.

His most important book on medicine is "Dafe' Madaar al Abdaan Be Ard Misr" (Driving away body harms in the land of Egypt) and another book, "Al-Oussool fi al Tibb," (The principles in medicine) was translated into Hebrew. In addition he wrote a number of essays on various medical subjects, among them his theses on leprosy, elephantiasis, epidemics, dyspnea, laxatives, syrups, and salves.

Attributes Attributes

Culture:

Islamic

Gender:

Male
Type Type

Type:

Scientist
Map Map

Born: 

Egypt

Died: 

Egypt
Timeline Timeline

Born: 

998 AD
 

388 AH

Died: 

1067 AD
 

460 AH

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Topics:

Science
Medicine
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