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Languages and Scripts in Egypt

Collection of 8 Articles

Islamic Scripts

Article

Egypt under the Fatimid Dynasty

Article

Glossary

colonnade

a series of columns placed at regular intervals and often supporting a roof

Fatimid

Islamic Shi'ite dynasty that ruled Egypt AD 969-1171

minaret

tower or pillar in or near a mosque which serves as a place from which the call to prayer is made

mosque

Muslim place of worship

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Al-Azhar Mosque
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The original design of Al-Azhar Mosque consisted of a court surrounded by three aisles. The largest aisle is the prayer direction one. A transept, which intersects the prayer direction aisle, has a ceiling higher than that of the mosque. A dome crowns the intersection of the passage with the mihrab colonnade.

The main entrance of the mosque was in the middle of the northwest wall. A colonnade was added to the court. A dome was added at the entrance of the passage intersecting the court. The additions took place at the end of the Fatimid era. Thereafter, additional structures were added in different eras.

There is no information about the original minaret or about its location. Also the present mihrab is not the original one. However, the original mihrab was discovered in AD 1934.

Two domes are found at the two corners of the prayer direction aisle. One of the domes is on the right corner to the right of the mihrab and the pulpit. Facing them is another dome in the left corner.

Attributes Attributes

Culture:

Islamic

Style:

Fatimid
Type Type

Type:

Mosque
Map Map

Location: 

Cairo

Constructed: 

Cairo
Timeline Timeline

Constructed: 

970 AD - 972 AD
Topics Topics

Topics:

Arts and Crafts
Architecture
Society and Culture
Religion and Spirituality
Places of Worship
Sites & Museums Sites & Museums
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Al-Muizz Ledin Allah Al-Fatimi
Al-Muizz Ledin Allah Al-Fatimi

Foundation Slab for a Mihrab in Al-Azhar Mosque
Foundation Slab for a Mihrab in Al-Azhar Mosque

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