My Visit My Collection Search Help
Language: Go
Text Version
Library Library
The Giza Plateau

Tour

Building the Pyramid

Article

The Architectural Elements of a Pyramid Complex

Article

Theories and Speculations About the Reason for Building the Pyramid

Article

Send to a Friend Send to a Friend Add to My Collection Add to My Collection
The Great Pyramid of Khufu
Other Multimedia
Animation
Animation
 

1-3

of

5

  Next
  Click To Zoom

 
Listen ‫IBM Text-to-speech

King Khufu ruled Egypt for about 23 years from 2574 to 2550 BC, during the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. He was the owner of the Great Pyramid at Giza, which is considered to be the first and only complete Wonder of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World that still exists.

The first courses of the stone structure were built around a low mound in the middle of the area that was left unleveled and was incorporated into the structure of the pyramid. The mound acted as a core for the pyramid and reduced the amount of masonry required. The original entrance of the pyramid is 16.8 meters or 55.1 feet above ground level and opens on the north side, so as to face the Circumpolar Star, where the soul of the king would dwell in heaven. Each side of the pyramid's base was originally about 230.38 meters or 755.65 feet long and built of 210 courses, of which only 201 still exist.

Its original height with the apex was 146.5 meters or 480.5 feet but is now about 137.2 meters or 450.0 feet; the angle of the sides is 51º 50'. When the pyramid was opened in the ninth century AD, the pyramid and the sarcophagus were found empty.

Attributes Attributes

Culture:

Pharaonic

Style:

Old Kingdom 4th Dyn.
Type Type

Type:

Pyramid
Map Map

Location: 

Giza Necropolis

Constructed: 

Governorate of Giza (including Memphis)
Timeline Timeline

Constructed: 

2605 BC - 2581 BC
Topics Topics

Topics:

Arts and Crafts
Architecture
Science
Astronomy
Engineering
Government
Leaders
Society and Culture
Religion and Spirituality
Beliefs
Tombs
Sites & Museums Sites & Museums
Giza Necropolis
Connections Connections
Khufu
Khufu

The Interior Chambers and Galleries of the Khufu Pyramid
The Interior Chambers and Galleries of the Khufu Pyramid

The Boat Pits of Khufu's Pyramid
The Boat Pits of Khufu's Pyramid

Khufu's Boat Museum
Khufu's Boat Museum

About Eternal Egypt Eternal Egypt Screensaver Terms of Use Contact Us
© Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.