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Glossary

alum

Alum is a double sulfate of a trivalent metal such as iron and a univalent metal such as potassium or sodium. Alums are widely used in industry as clarifiers, hardeners, and purifiers and medicinally as topical astringents and styptics.

Ibn

Arabic for "son of"

Islam

the name of a religion that is centered on the Qur'an, the word of God as passed through the Prophet Muhammad

mosque

Muslim place of worship

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Assiut
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Assiut was the capital of the thirteenth province of Upper Egypt in Pharaonic Egypt. The name Assiut is derived from the ancient Egyptian word Sawit, "the protectorate".

The ancient Egyptian archeology dates back to the Old Kingdom and the First Intermediate Period. In Greco-Roman times the city was called Lykopolis, "the City of the Wolf" in reference to its principal deity "the jackal".

During the Christian period Assiut exported precious tapestries to the Byzantine and Roman churches. The city became famous in the Islamic period because it was the residence of the Upper Egyptian Deputy; it also had an independent judge. Ibn Doqmaq, in the ninth century Hijri, mentioned its mosques and schools.

Assiut was famous for its tapestry industry and in particular for its dyes, possibly because of its proximity to an oasis where it was easy to obtain the alum and indigo necessary for the dye. It was also famous for carpet weaving, sugar and the production of oil. Yaqout Al-Hamawi and Al-Qazweni both spoke of the opium of Assiut, which was extracted from black opium leaves and lettuce and was exported all over the world.

Dimensions:  Height 59 cm  Length 193 cm  Width 62 cm

Attributes Attributes

Culture:

Pharaonic

Technique:

Sculpted

Style:

Middle Kingdom

Materials:

Wood
Type Type

Type:

Military Unit
Map Map

Location: 

Egyptian Museum

Created: 

Governorate of Assiut
Timeline Timeline

Created: 

11th Dynasty

Acquired: 

1894 AD
Topics Topics

Topics:

Arts and Crafts
Sculpture
Crafts
Carpentry
Government
Military
Society and Culture
Religion and Spirituality
Beliefs
Sites & Museums Sites & Museums
Egyptian Museum
Connections Connections
Model of Nubian Archers from the Tomb of Mesehti
Model of Nubian Archers from the Tomb of Mesehti

Asiut
Asiut

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