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The story of Egyptian civilization has many chapters. The Library contains articles that provide context for the artifacts, characters, and places that comprise Eternal Egypt.

The Tomb of Tutankhamun  

The excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamun revealed the most complete royal treasure ever discovered. From these artifacts, we can learn about the personal life of the king during the most prosperous era of Ancient Egypt.


The annual flooding of the Nile influenced the development of Egyptian civilization. The people began to study astronomy so that they could determine the time of the flood. This led to the creation of a calendar.

The Temple of Luxor  

Built by kings from the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Dynasties, Luxor Temple has been a center of worship for multiple religions from the time of the Pharaohs through the Christian and Islamic eras.

Art of the Old and Middle Kingdom  

Explore the masterpieces of the Old and Middle Kingdoms. This collection of sculptures, reliefs, and statues depict the remarkable personalities who established the great Egyptian Civilization.

Irrigation and Water Systems in Egypt  

The Egyptians depended on the annual flooding of the Nile to cover their fields with black silt and to irrigate their crops. They measured the flood to determine their taxes. They built canals and dams so that water could be transported from the Nile for irrigation and for drinking. The Egyptians created tools to help raise the water from the Nile to the surface of the fields.

Famous Egyptian Women  

Egyptian women played important roles in the history of Egypt and distinguished themselves by their wisdom and courage. Women, such as Queen Shajar al-Durr ruled Egypt, while others, like Queen Ahhotep, helped their sons achieve greatness.

New Kingdom and Late Period Art  

Learn about the lives of royalty during the New Kingdom and Late Period through their statues, busts, and sculptures. Examine the varied sculptural styles from this period: idealistic traditional forms, the exaggerated and grotesque sculpture of Amarna Art, and the elegant and realistic statues of Ramesses the Second's family.

The Textile Industry in Egypt  

The workmanship and export of textiles has been carefully supervised by governments throughout Egyptian history. It was considered as an important part of the Egyptian economy. The processes and methods of making textiles, as well as materials used, steadily improved from Ancient Egypt to the Islamic era. Cities began to specialize in types of fabric and the Egyptian textile industry became famous.

Daily Life in Ancient Egypt  

We can learn a lot about the daily activities and social life of the Ancient Egyptians from the wall paintings and reliefs decorating their tombs. View examples of these fine murals as well as the prized jewelry, food, furniture, and tools the Ancient Egyptians carried to the afterworld.

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