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Irrigation and Water Systems in Egypt
Irrigation Methods in Ancient Egypt
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Ancient Egyptians dug canals to direct water to places far from the banks of the Nile and used the shadoof, a counterbalanced sweep, to bring water from the Nile or a canal to higher fields.

A sweep is a long pole which pivots on a high post and is used to lower and raise a bucket containing water from a river or canal. This is illustrated in the tomb of Ipy at Deir el-Medina.

Water was also transported in jugs that were carried with a yoke, which is illustrated in some scenes of daily life.

The ancient Egyptians dug a long canal called Bahr Yousuf to bring water from the Nile to the Faiyum Depression for irrigation.

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