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Beauty and Cosmetics

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Glossary

diadem

a crown worn as a sign of royalty

faience

a colorful substance used to mold or decorate small figures or amulets

kohl

cosmetic preparation used to darken eyelashes and eyelids

pectoral

large piece of jewelry, usually in the form of a trapezoid, worn on the chest

pendant

an ornament or piece of jewelry attached to a necklace or bracelet

stela

slab of stone or wood, with figures and text, carvings, or paintings, which was used in numerous ways such as a funerary monument

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Ancient Egyptian Women and Beauty
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Ancient Egyptian women from rich families enjoyed a good life with their husbands and families.

They were shown elegantly dressed in long, pleated close-fitting dresses with one or two shoulder straps. Depictions of these garments are found in the statue of the offering bearer and the stela of Amenemhat and family, the stela of Neith, Ptah and family, and others. A stela is an upright stone with a sculpted surface.

Ancient Egyptian women wore many kinds of jewelry made of faience beads, gold, and semiprecious stones.

They also wore diadems, belts, bracelets, pendants, and pectorals, a large piece of jewelry worn on the chest. Cosmetics were applied to the face to enhance their beauty.

They kept fine eyebrows, applied kohl to the eyelashes, and painted the cheeks, chins, and lips with red pigments. They also painted their nails and toenails.

Women at banquets wore the most elegant dresses and put cones of perfumed ointments on their heads.

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Family
Society and Culture
Sites & Museums Sites & Museums
Connections Connections
Statue of a Woman Carrying Offerings
Statue of a Woman Carrying Offerings

Stela of Amenemhat's Family
Stela of Amenemhat's Family

Diadem of Sat-Hathor
Diadem of Sat-Hathor

Beautiful Pectoral of Mereret
Beautiful Pectoral of Mereret

Bead Bracelet of Queen Ahhotep
Bead Bracelet of Queen Ahhotep

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