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Languages and Scripts in Egypt
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Treasures From Coptic Culture

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Coptic

It is a name for Egyptians of the Christian faith and their Church. It is also the name for the last form of the ancient Egyptian language, which was written with mostly Greek letters. The Coptic language survives only as a liturgical language of the Coptic Orthodox Church.

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In the last stage of ancient Egyptian language, the Greeks began to adapt their own alphabet to writing ancient Egyptian, which caused a shift in the name of the language. It was now called Coptic.

The Greek alphabetic signs were supplemented with seven demotic signs to represent sounds that were not found in Greek. These letters expressed the sounds "Sh," "F," "H," "G," "Ch," and "T," that had no equivalent in Greek. Certain letters, such as the fluid letters "L," "M," "N," and "R were used interchangeably.

For example, the word "Nes" meaning "tongue" became "Les." There were several differences between Coptic and ancient Egyptian scripts. Coptic was written using both consonants and vowels, whereas the older scripts only consisted of consonants.

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Icon Depicting Jesus on The Glory Chair
Icon Depicting Jesus on The Glory Chair

Piece of Pottery with a Drawing of Fish
Piece of Pottery with a Drawing of Fish

Painted Tablet Depicting a Cross
Painted Tablet Depicting a Cross

Lamp with Low-Relief of Coptic Writings
Lamp with Low-Relief of Coptic Writings

Flask of Saint Minas within Circular Ornament
Flask of Saint Minas within Circular Ornament

Big Plate with Fish and Leaf
Big Plate with Fish and Leaf

Wide-Mouthed Pottery Jar Decorated with Lines
Wide-Mouthed Pottery Jar Decorated with Lines

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