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The Textile Industry in Egypt

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the name of a religion that is centered on the Qur'an, the word of God as passed through the Prophet Muhammad

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The Textile Industry in Egypt
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The workmanship and export of textiles has been carefully supervised by governments throughout Egyptian history. It was considered as an important part of the Egyptian economy. The processes and methods of making textiles, as well as materials used, steadily improved from Ancient Egypt to the Islamic era. Cities began to specialize in types of fabric and the Egyptian textile industry became famous.

Materials used to Make Textiles in Ancient Egypt

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The majority of Ancient Egyptian textiles were made of linen, which comes from flax plants. Textiles have also been found that were made from sheep's wool, goat hair, palm fibers, grass, and reeds.

Weaving Textiles in Ancient Egypt

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Weaving Textiles in Ancient Egypt

Once fibers were removed from the plant or animal, they were spun using a spindle and then woven into a textile using a range of weave patterns.

Ancient Egyptian Textile Workshops

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Ancient Egyptian Textile Workshops

Pharaonic Egypt was famous throughout the ancient world for its linen, usually produced by women in weaving workshops.

Ptolemaic Control of the Textile Industry

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Ptolemaic Control of the Textile Industry

The Ptolemaic government supervised the Egyptian textile industry and taxed a percentage of the fabric and clothes it produced.

Materials used for Textiles in the Ptolemaic Period

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Materials used for Textiles in the Ptolemaic Period

During the Ptolemaic period, the masses wore clothes made of linen, wool, and then silk to a smaller degree.

Trade in Textiles During the Islamic Period

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Trade in Textiles During the Islamic Period

The textile industry contributed greatly to Egypt's foreign trade. Cities such as Tennis and Alexandria exported fabrics throughout the Byzantine Empire and to upper-class Europeans.

Islamic Government Control of Textiles

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The textile industry grew during the Middle Ages as the Islamic government established public and private factories, controlled raw materials, and employed officials to ensure the textiles met quality standards.

Islamic Cities Famous for Linen Production

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Islamic Cities Famous for Linen Production

Linen was one of the most important materials in the textile industry. Many cities became famous for their unique styles of linen production.

Wool and Cotton Production in Islamic Egypt

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Wool and Cotton Production in Islamic Egypt

In the Islamic period, wool was considered the second most important raw material for making fabric after linen. Cotton production, however, was limited and might have been mixed with linen and wool.

Islamic Cities Famous for Silk

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Islamic Cities Famous for Silk

Silk became the third most popular raw material for textiles in Islamic Egypt after linen and wool. Several cities, especially Alexandria, became famous for their silk textiles.

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