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Egyptian Literature

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Library Library
Languages and Scripts in Egypt

Collection of 8 Articles

Professional Writers and Writing Materials

Collection of 11 Articles

The Library of Alexandria

Collection of 3 Articles

Glossary

Muslim

a Muslim is a follower of the Islamic faith

myth

A myth is a traditional, typically ancient story dealing with supernatural beings, ancestors, or heroes that serves as a fundamental type in the worldview of a people. A myth may explain aspects of the natural world or delineate the psychology, customs, or ideals of society

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Egyptian Literature
Collection of 13 Articles
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Egyptians had several types of literature. In Ancient Egypt, funerary literature told of what the deceased should expect during the journey in the underworld. Both the Copts and the Muslims were mainly interested in religious literature. Stories, biographies, myths, poems, and folk tales were told for entertainment and sometimes to convey a specific religious message.

Ancient Egyptian Tomb Literature

Article

Ancient Egyptian Tomb Literature

Ancient Egyptians decorated tombs with long religious texts that speak of the death, burial, and protection of the king and his resurrection in the hereafter. These illustrated texts served as guides for the deceased to travel through various places in the Underworld.

Ancient Egyptian Stories, Biographies, and Myths

Article

Ancient Egyptian Stories, Biographies, and Myths

The favorite tales of the ancient Egyptians were adventure stories, biographies, and mythological tales. Ancient Egyptians also told fairy tales and folktales.

The Nile in Ancient Egyptian Literature

Article

The Nile in Ancient Egyptian Literature

Sages and priests described in literature how the Nile ceased inundating, or flooding, because of social disorder in Egypt. Some authors provided rules for conduct on the Nile.

Greco-Roman Poets

Article

Greco-Roman Poets

Major Greek poets moved to Alexandria to be supported by its many patrons and benefit from its many literary resources.

Types of Greco-Roman Poetry

Article

Types of Greco-Roman Poetry

The types of poetry most popular among the Alexandrians were Greek in essence. The poets paid no attention to the local scenery except within the context of how it could be used to praise their king.

Development of Coptic Literature

Article

Development of Coptic Literature

Coptic literature took two forms. One form came from Alexandria and was influenced by the Greek tradition. The other form was pure Coptic and generally came from the mountain monasteries.

Coptic Religious Texts and Stories

Article

Coptic Religious Texts and Stories

Translations of the Holy Bible were the most important Coptic literary form, but the lives of the saints and other religious stories also became important religious texts.

Coptic Poetry and Psalms

Article

Coptic Poetry and Psalms

The Coptics wrote poetry to praise the angels, the prophets, saints, martyrs, and the Virgin Mary. Stories were also written in verse.

Lasting Influence of Coptic Literature

Article

Lasting Influence of Coptic Literature

Books by the Coptic Fathers were often life transforming, as in the case of Saint Augustus. The sayings of the Coptic Church Fathers remain widely studied, translated, and published in the West.

Types of Islamic Literature

Article

Types of Islamic Literature

The Muslims wrote about the cultural sciences, history and philosophy. Muslim scientists also excelled in books on medicine and pharmacology, astrology, mathematics, geometry, chemistry, and physics.

Early Islamic Literature

Article

Early Islamic Literature

In the early period of Islamic Egypt, literature was focused on religion. Historians such as Abd Al Rahman Ibn Abd Al Hakam and Ibn Zolaq later began to record Egypt's history.

Fatimid Literature

Article

Fatimid Literature

Literature revived during the Fatimid era. The Fatimids cared about libraries and books and gave a lot of money and gifts to their poets and writers.

Mamluk Literature

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Mamluk Literature

Literature flourished in the Mamluk era. The Mamluks established schools and wrote many cultural, political, and historical encyclopedias. Sultans, princes, and high officials supported scientists and poets as a symbol of honor.

Attributes Attributes

Culture:

Pharaonic
  Coptic
  Islamic
  Greco-Roman
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