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Underwater Antiquities

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Excavations of Bibliotheca Alexandrina New Site

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Treasures From Greco-Roman Culture

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Glossary

amphora

a jar or vase with a large oval body, narrow cylindrical neck, and two handles

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A real civilization was submerged under the water of the Mediterranean Sea for about two thousands years. Part of these treasures finally saw the light and enabled us to enjoy one of the celebrities of the city of Alexandria from coins of different times, amphoras, jewelries, and statues.

Pottery Containers Used for Holding Liquids

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Pottery Containers Used for Holding Liquids

Pottery can be considered a means by which the history of humanity can be traced from the beginning of his existence on earth. The evolution of humans from the Old Stone Age to the New Stone Age is related to their knowledge of how to produce containers.

Influence of Egyptian Religion on Greek Belief

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Influence of Egyptian Religion on Greek Belief

Despite the fact that Egypt at the end of the Pharaonic age was open to colonialism and invasions, it was an asset for other populations. We find temples of the Egyptian gods in Piraeus, Rhodes, Delos and other places. There is no doubt that the might of the first Ptolemies helped to spread Egyptian beliefs in Greece.

Coins in Greco-Roman Egypt

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Coins in Greco-Roman Egypt

Papyrus documents found in Egypt also indicate the existence of coin mints in Egyptian cities at the end of the fifth century BC. These coins bore Aramaic inscriptions, the language used in the administrative system in the country.
With the foundation of the city of Alexandria, coins of several values were issued using numerous materials. There were gold, silver and bronze coins.

Jewelry in Greco-Roman Egypt

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Jewelry in Greco-Roman Egypt

Egypt was rich in gold, although it was poor in silver; therefore Egyptian goldsmiths were skillful at working with gold. Alexandria was famous for its jewelry, including earrings, rings, necklaces and other items. This indicates that the Ptolemaic period was an age of luxury and wealth.

Principal Gods in Alexandria

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Principal Gods in Alexandria

The Egyptians were among the most religious people in the world. Their piety and glorification of gods were expressed in various manifestations in villages, towns and the capitals of the nation. Religion in Alexandria was a lived religion and a religion for the living, with festivals and religious celebrations. Deities in Alexandria, however, had another main purpose. They raised the king, as a god himself or as a son of god, beyond the human circle.

Royal Life in Alexandria

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Royal Life in Alexandria

Alexander the Great died in the year 323 BC., and the empire, which he had so victoriously gained, was divided among his generals. Egypt became the share of Ptolemy, who established a royal family that continued to rule until the year 30 BC. Ptolemy the First supervised the first steps in construction of the new city, which was to be called Alexandria after Alexander the Great. The city was destined for eternal glory and fame and flourished under the rule of Ptolemy's successors.

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