Ramesses the Second was the son of King Seti the First and Queen Tuya. Ramesses was the third king of the Nineteenth Dynasty and ruled Egypt for about 67 years. In the fifth year of his reign he fought against the Hittites at Kadesh in Syria.
To ensure peace in the region, Ramesses and the Hittites signed the first peace treaty known in the world and he married a daughter of the Hittite king. That famous battle of Kadesh is inscribed on the walls of his temple. Furthermore, Ramesses the Second conducted campaigns against the Libyans and the Nubians.
He erected several monuments; the most important were the temples of Abu Simbel, the Ramesseum, and huge structures at the Karnak and Luxor temples.