A small Acroterium base ends with an open-mouthed lion head. The lion has hollow eyes and a long mane. It is possible that this acroterium was the base of a statue. The "acroterium" means a small base for a statue or other ornament.
The throne of the Roman Empire was assigned to Alexander (A.D. 222–235) after the name Severus was added to his own name. Alexander was a fourteen-year-old boy with no knowledge of affairs of state or ability to fulfill his responsibilities. He was, thus, controlled by powerful men in the palace.
Alexander the Third, or "Alexander the Great," was the son of Philip the Second of Macedon by his wife Olympias. One of the most important things that Alexander did was to establish Alexandria, which was built by his chief architect, Dinocrates.
In the autumn of 332 BC., Alexander the Great conquered Egypt, an event that marked the beginning of the Greek period in Egyptian history. The time he spent in Egypt was just six months. However, his brief stay was full of reforms and events that put Egypt within the orbit of Greek civilisation in the Mediterranean.
Alexandria was founded in 331 BC by Alexander the Great. The planning of the city was entrusted to the Greek architect Dinocrates. The city of Alexandria is famous for its ancient library; the Museion, or museum; the Serapeum, or temple; Pompey's Pillar and the catacombs.
A locally produced amphora with a wide mouth, the neck has long vertical incisions that continue all along the neck and down to the body of the amphora. It has two round handles. There is a hole underneath each handle.
Arsinoe the Second, daughter of Ptolemy the First and Berenice the First, was born in 316 B.C. and died in 270 B.C. Arsinoe was married three times, the last time to her brother Ptolemy the Second, known as Philadelphus.
Berenice the First was the daughter of Lagos; he was also the father of Ptolemy the First and Antigun. She was born in 340 B.C. and died between 281 and 271 B.C. Berenice was originally a Macedonian lady who came to Egypt with Eurydice's entourage. She married Ptolemy the First in 316 B.C.
Berenice the Second was the cousin and wife of Ptolemy the Third. She was left to rule Egypt until her husband returned from war. Later, her elder son poisoned her when she tried to put her younger son on the throne.