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Culture: Pharaonic Culture: Pharaonic

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Title Type
A Treasure Found by Chance
A Treasure Found by Chance

During the construction of a railway station, a hidden treasure of gold and silver vessels and jewelry was uncovered.

Article

Abusir
Abusir

Abusir is situated to the north of Saqqara. It has the remains of the sun temples, pyramids, and some private tombs of the Fifth Dynasty .

Archaeological Site

Abydos
Abydos

Abydos is the Greek name of the ancient Egyptian town called Abdju. It was the capital of the eighth nome of Upper Egypt and the main cult center of Osiris. Within the region, there are many archaeological sites.

Archaeological Site

Advice About Ancient Egyptian Women
Advice About Ancient Egyptian Women

In Ancient Egyptian literature, sages such as Ptah-hotep and Ani advised men to treat their wives and mothers well.

Article

Adze
Adze

One of the most common tools used by carpenters in Ancient Egypt was the adze. This adze is made of a metal blade attached to a wooden handle.

Carpenters and Sculptors Tools

Aegis with Apis Head
Aegis with Apis Head

The head of a bull, symbolizing Apis, is on the top of this aegis, or shield. Apis wears the horned sun disk crown decorated with the cobra and surmounted by two feathers.

Aegis

Aegis with the Head of Anukis
Aegis with the Head of Anukis

The aegis is a pectoral decorated with the heads of gods. This example is decorated with the head of the goddess Anukis wearing her feathered crown.

Aegis

Ahmose the First
Ahmose the First

Before the reign of the Eighteenth Dynasty, Lower Egypt and parts of Middle Egypt were occupied by the Hyksos. Ahmose the First fought the Hyksos and chased them out of Egypt. He is considered to be the founder of the Eighteenth Dynasty and the first king of the New Kingdom.

King

Akhenaten
Akhenaten

Akhenaten, or Amenhotep the Fourth, was the son and heir of Amenhotep the Third. He married the famous Nefertiti and had six daughters. During the fourth year of his reign, he moved the capital of Egypt to Akhetaten, modern day Tell el-Amarna.

King

Akhmim
Akhmim

Akhmim is situated to the east of Sohag. It was an important town that was sacred to the fertility god Min. Ramesses the Second built a huge temple there.

Archaeological Site

Alabaster Boat
Alabaster Boat

This alabaster boat stands on a base representing a square pool.

Boat

Alabaster Bowl from the Tomb of Tutankhamun
Alabaster Bowl from the Tomb of Tutankhamun

This is one of the finest alabaster bowls to have survived from ancient Egypt. It was originally made of a single piece of alabaster, although it was found in several parts.

Bowl

Alabaster Headrest
Alabaster Headrest

The ancient Egyptians slept on beds covered with mattresses and provided with headrests. It is believed that the headrest allowed air to circulate round the neck of the sleeper, or kept his hairstyle in shape. In this headrest, the base, the shaft and the neck support are carved from the same block.

Headrest

Alabaster Offering Table
Alabaster Offering Table

Most offering tables were cut in a rectangular shape, but this one is circular. The lower part of the table is carved with the traditional Hetep hieroglyphic sign, which means "offering." The upper surface is carved with vessels and there are holes cut into the surface so that liquids, such as water, beer or wine, could be poured on the table.

Offering Table

Alabaster Royal Statue
Alabaster Royal Statue

Although there are no inscriptions on this alabaster statue to identify its owner, it appears from the posture that it represents a king of the Old Kingdom in the traditional pose. He is depicted seated on a backless throne, wearing the royal headdress, the nemes, adorned with the royal cobra (uraeus), the false beard and the pleated royal kilt called the shendyt.

Statue

Alabaster Vase of King Tutankhamun
Alabaster Vase of King Tutankhamun

The one-handled alabaster vase has a bulging body, high narrow neck, and a graceful spout. It contained oils and other materials for the deceased king to use in the afterlife.

Vase

Amarna Art
Amarna Art

Amarna art, influenced by the Aten Cult founded by Akhenaten, is characterized by a realistic style in portraying royalty.

Article

Amduat of Nespaqashuty
Amduat of Nespaqashuty

The book is an abbreviated version for Nespaqashuty of the book of the Amduat"the book of the underworld", which describes the journey of the sun god through the 12 hours of the night.

Papyrus

Amduat of an Unknown Official
Amduat of an Unknown Official

This funerary papyrus shows the 11th and the 12th hours of the Amduat, or "Book of the Underworld." The Amduat describes the journey of the sun god through the 12 hours of the night.

Papyrus

Amenemhat the Third
Amenemhat the Third

King Amenemhat the Third of the Twelfth Dynasty ruled Egypt for about 45 years, during which time Egypt enjoyed prosperity and peace inside and outside the country. Amenemhat the Third was very interested in agriculture.

King

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