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Culture: Coptic Culture: Coptic

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Title Type
Abraham
Abraham

Abraham was born in Ur of the Chaldees. Abraham married Sarah. He migrated to the Land of Canaan. When a famine took place, Abraham moved to Egypt. Ismail and Isaac were two of his sons.

Prophet

Alb Sleeve of Satin
Alb Sleeve of Satin

This sleeve is made of satin and adorned with pictures of two saints. It is usually worn over the alb to cover the priest's arms during the Mass.

Sleeve

Almond-Shaped Lamp with Bird
Almond-Shaped Lamp with Bird

On this almond-shaped lamp, a bird's body is stretched horizontally over the body of the lamp.

Lamp

Almond-Shaped Lamp with Cock
Almond-Shaped Lamp with Cock

This almond-shaped lamp is decorated with a centrally placed cock in an upright posture. It has two openings for oil.

Lamp

Apse from Baweit
Apse from Baweit

The apse from Baweit is what is called an "Eastern Niche." It is decorated with a depiction of the Lord Jesus Christ on a throne on the upper part, and the lower part shows the Virgin Mary carrying Christ, surrounded by the Twelve Apostles.

Architectural Element

Apse with Christ and Three-Sided Cross
Apse with Christ and Three-Sided Cross

This niche portrays the Lord Jesus Christ with a halo of light over his head. The halo is distinguished by having a cross of three sides inside it.

Niche or Mihrab

Apse with Portrait of the Lord Jesus Christ
Apse with Portrait of the Lord Jesus Christ

This niche has a portrait of the Lord Jesus Christ with the halo of glory around his head.

Architectural Element

Apse, or Father's Bosom, with Holy Virgin
Apse, or Father's Bosom, with Holy Virgin

This niche is called "the Father's Bosom." It is decorated with a wall panel with a portrait of the Holy Virgin.

Niche or Mihrab

Base of a Statue Commemorating Purification of Alexandria Canal
Base of a Statue Commemorating Purification of Alexandria Canal

The base of a statue bears a Greek text of six lines and has a cross inside a laurel crown, the symbol of the Byzantine Empire. It commemorates the purification of the Alexandria Canal.

Statue

Big Jar Decorated with Birds and Humans
Big Jar Decorated with Birds and Humans

This jar, or zeir, made of pottery is decorated with many ornaments, including birds on the upper part and humans on the lower part.

Jar

Big Jar Decorated with Fish, Crosses, and Plants
Big Jar Decorated with Fish, Crosses, and Plants

The zeir, or big jar, is decorated with Coptic symbols including fish, crosses, and plants. The neck of the jar is adorned with a Nile fish and the lower area is divided into scenes separated by columns.

Jar

Big Jar for Storing Wine
Big Jar for Storing Wine

This clay jar was used for storing wine. It is decorated with a vine and clusters of grapes and embellished with two human faces.

Jar

Big Jar with Christian Symbols
Big Jar with Christian Symbols

This large jar has drawings of people, a peacock or eagle, flowers, and some ornamental shapes on the upper part only.

Jar

Big Jar with Four Animals
Big Jar with Four Animals

The jar is divided into segments. The segments contain four symbols that are probably intended to represent the four animals of the Book of Revelations.

Jar

Big Plate with Fish and Leaf
Big Plate with Fish and Leaf

The large plate is decorated with black drawings of fish and leaves. The broad rim is indented on the inside and raised on the outside. The base is circular with a rim that flares out.

Plate

Bird-Shaped Child's Toy
Bird-Shaped Child's Toy

The child's toy in the shape of a bird has a hole in the head in which a rope is placed for pulling the toy and for playing with it.

Games and Toys

Bone Engraved with Image of a Woman
Bone Engraved with Image of a Woman

The rectangular piece of bone is skillfully engraved with the drawing of a woman wearing loose clothing with her right leg exposed. Parts of the bone were broken and lost, including the part with her facial features.

High Relief

Bone Engraved with Jesus Christ
Bone Engraved with Jesus Christ

A picture of the Lord Jesus Christ is carved on this almost square piece of ivory.

High Relief

Bone Engraved with Jesus and Prophets on the Mountain
Bone Engraved with Jesus and Prophets on the Mountain

The piece of bone has a drawing depicting the Transfiguration of the Lord Jesus Christ with the Prophets Moses and Elijah on the mountaintop.

High Relief

Bone Engraved with Man Having Greek Features
Bone Engraved with Man Having Greek Features

A man having Greek features, wearing short garments, and holding a basket in his hand is engraved on this piece of bone.

High Relief

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