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Culture: Islamic Culture: Islamic

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Title Type
Abdel Aziz Al-Wafaii
Abdel Aziz Al-Wafaii

Al-Wafaii, who became a famous astronomer, lived in the ninth century after Hijra, and worked as a time keeper in the Mosque of Al-Muayyad Sheikh, near Bab Zuweila. He invented an astronomical instrument, known as the circle of modification.

Scientist

Abdel Aziz Ibn Marawan
Abdel Aziz Ibn Marawan

Abdel Aziz Ibn Marawan belonged to the Umayyad ruling family; his father was the Umayyad Caliph Marawan Ibn Al-Hakam, his brother was the Caliph Abdel Malik Ibn Marawan and his son was Caliph Omar Ibn Abdel Aziz. He became the viceroy of Egypt during the reign of Marawan, and when his brother Abdel Malik became Caliph he granted him the position of viceroy of Egypt.

Viceroy

Abdel Lateef Al-Baghdadi (̉̉abd El-laţίf Al-Baģdādί)
Abdel Lateef Al-Baghdadi (̉̉abd El-laţίf Al-Baģdādί)

Al-Baghdadi(Al-Baģdādί) was born in Baghdad. He studied the sciences of the Hadith(Hadίŧ), the Qur'an, and Islamic doctrine. He also acquired literature from Egyptian scholars and studied the books of Aristotle. He then went to Damascus, where he studied medicine. He traveled to various places in the Islamic world, and met with scholars and rulers. The corpus of al-Baghdadi's work amounts to some 173 works in linguistics, doctrine, medicine, zoology, mathematics, and travel.

Historian

Abdel Rahman Bin Abdel Hakam
Abdel Rahman Bin Abdel Hakam

Abdel Rahman Bin Abdel Hakam was the first historian to record Islamic Egyptian history in a unique form, using selections from the narratives of general Islamic history. His family was deeply rooted in prestigious studies and in science.

Historian

Abdel Rahman Katkhoda
Abdel Rahman Katkhoda

Prince Abdel Rahman Katkhoda was one of the most important architectural patrons in the history of Cairo.

Prince

Abu Al-Haggag
Abu Al-Haggag

Youssouf Ibn Abdel-Raheem is known as Abu Al-Haggag. He is a descendant of Al-Imam Al-Hussain "May Allah be pleased with him."

Well-known Person

Abu Bakr Mohammad Ibn Toghgue  Al-Ikhshid
Abu Bakr Mohammad Ibn Toghgue Al-Ikhshid

Abu Bakr Mohammad Ibn Toghgue Al-Ikhshid was born in the year 268 after Hijra and died in 334 after Hijra in Damascus. He joined the service of the Abbasid Caliph Al Muktafi. He was authorized by his father to rule Damascus and Tiberius. In the end he was able to strengthen his position in Egypt, despite the fact that he was in the middle of the conflicting parties, the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad, and the Fatimid Caliphate in Morocco.

Viceroy

Abu El-Haggag Mosque in Luxor
Abu El-Haggag Mosque in Luxor

Abu Al-Haggag's mosque was built on a small square area and has a small dome. It was built in the northeast area of the Luxor Temple and probably dates back to the middle of the Fatimid era. However, changes were made to the mosque in the Ayyubid era.

Mausoleum

Abul Dahab or Father of Gold
Abul Dahab or Father of Gold

Amir Mohammad Abu Al-Dahab was a Mamluk of Ali Bek Al-Kabir who rose to become treasurer. He gave out gold coins, which earned him the nickname of Abul Dahab or Father of Gold.

Prince

Abul Hussein Al-Gazzar
Abul Hussein Al-Gazzar

Abul Hussein Al-Gazzar Al-Masry is considered to be one of the most able of the men of letters who switched from being a butcher and became a poet. The seventh century after Hijra, in Mamluk Egypt, was characterized by the appearance of numerous tradesmen, who worked in occupations such as butchery, paper manufacture, kohl making, and other trades. However, people that did such work often had, in addition to their skill, other gifts such as composing poetry or writing, which resulted in what is known as "the literature of the common class".

Poet

Abul Misk Kafour( Abū Al-Misk Kāfūr  )
Abul Misk Kafour( Abū Al-Misk Kāfūr )

Abul Misk Kafour was of Ethiopian or Nubian origin, and was bought by Mohammad Ibn Toghgue Al-Ikhshid, to be one of his boy slaves. His owner later gave him his freedom. He was able to drive the states in the direction he wanted, after the death of Mohammad Ibn Toghgue Al-Ikhshid(Muhammad Ibn Ţaġg Al-Āĥšid), he then ruled single in 355 after Hijra. He had the title of "professor," and was nicknamed Abi El-Misk. In general, he was loved by the Egyptians, for he was generous and kind.

Viceroy

Accurate Measure of Thin Glass
Accurate Measure of Thin Glass

This masterpiece is a small measure made of thin glass, in a shape of the frustum of a cone, used to measure substances such as oil with a high degree of accuracy.

Measuring Equipment

Ahmad Ibn Tulun
Ahmad Ibn Tulun

Ahmad Ibn Tulun was a Turkish ruler who came to Egypt under the Abbasid Caliphate. He established an independent state, ruling for 38 years.

Prince

Al Mo'meny Oratory
Al Mo'meny Oratory

This oratory is located at the beginning of Al-Sayeda Aisha Street from Al-Qala'a Square, in the direction of Al-Khalifa Police Station, which was known in earlier times as the Sultanate Square in Romaila. Deceased persons were carried to establishments like this one to be washed according to Islamic custom and to be prepared for burial. They could then receive the funerary prayers. The oratory is an indication of the harmony of this aspect of Islamic society in Egypt.

Mosque

Al-Adel Abu Bakr
Al-Adel Abu Bakr

After the death of his elder brother, Salah Al-Din Al-Ayyoubi, Al-Adel ruled over a large area extending across Egypt and Syria. He was known for his courage and his battles against the crusaders.

Sultan

Al-Adel Seif Al-Din Al-Ayubbi
Al-Adel Seif Al-Din Al-Ayubbi

Al-Adel Seif Al-Din (Al-Adel The Second) was the son of the Sultan Al-Kamil Ibn Al-Adel Ibn Ayyub. This Sultan ruled for almost two years and three months. His reign was generally characterized by weakness and corruption, for he was an idle and frivolous person; as a result of this the Ayyubid state began to break up.

Sultan

Al-Aqmar Mosque
Al-Aqmar Mosque

The Al-Aqmar Mosque consists of a central nave surrounded by four aisles. The prayer aisle is the largest. Small domes cover each aisle.

Congregational Mosque

Al-Azhar Mosque
Al-Azhar Mosque

Al-Azhar Mosque was established as a Shi'ite school in the Fatimid era. It consisted of a court surrounded by three aisles, the largest of which is the prayer direction aisle.

Mosque

Al-Aziz Othman
Al-Aziz Othman

Had the Sultan Al-Malik Al-Aziz Emad Al-Din Othman Ibn Salah Al-Din Al-Ayyubi lived longer, the history of the Ayyubids might have taken a different turn. He gained the Sultanate when he was twenty one years old.

Sultan

Al-Dinar Al-Mubarak
Al-Dinar Al-Mubarak

The gold dinar gives the name of Sultan Baybars Al-Bunduqdari and has a blazon of the tiger. A script on both sides says "Al-Dinar Al-Mubarak," an unusual phrase for Islamic dinars.

Dinar

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