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Technique: Stone Techniques Technique: Stone Techniques

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Title Type
Alabaster Headrest
Alabaster Headrest

The ancient Egyptians slept on beds covered with mattresses and provided with headrests. It is believed that the headrest allowed air to circulate round the neck of the sleeper, or kept his hairstyle in shape. In this headrest, the base, the shaft and the neck support are carved from the same block.

Headrest

Baboon of the God Thoth
Baboon of the God Thoth

This statue of the baboon of Thoth, represents the deity seated with all the details of the face, the mane, and the hair covering the upper part of the body while leaving the fingers visible. The statue is adorned with a broad pectoral hanging from his neck, decorated with the solar bark containing the sun disk.

Statue

Ball Shaped Vase Made for King Ahmose the First
Ball Shaped Vase Made for King Ahmose the First

This ball-shaped vase was made for King Ahmose the First. It has a flat wide rim, a short thick neck, and a flat wide handle. A square frame, containing the names and epithets of the king, is incised on the body; over it is the sky sign. The vase might have contained unguent presented to the king.

Vase

Box Containing Eight Alabaster Vases
Box Containing Eight Alabaster Vases

The wooden box has a lid and contains a set of eight cylindrical alabaster vases. They had been filled and then carefully stored inside the box in two rows. All have lids with the names of their contents.

Box / Chest / Casket

Bronze Statue of the God Thoth as an Ibis
Bronze Statue of the God Thoth as an Ibis

This statue made of bronze represents the God Thoth in the form of an ibis, a bird of the Nile. It shows the ibis standing with its left leg forward.

Statue

Chest in the Form of a Sarcophagus
Chest in the Form of a Sarcophagus

A small chest in the form of a sarcophagus with a pyramid-shaped lid. The artist used white marble in a marvelous way while creating it.

Naos

Circular Marble Portrait of a Double-Headed Eagle
Circular Marble Portrait of a Double-Headed Eagle

A circular marble portrait has a protruding engraved illustration of a double-headed eagle and an ox. The background is meticulously and elegantly carved with floral designs.

Panel

Clay Plate with Drawings
Clay Plate with Drawings

A simple plate, for domestic use, decorated with elegance and precision.

Dish

Collection of Writing Equipment
Collection of Writing Equipment

This is a collection of writing equipment that includes an inkwell, color stone, and a fine brush used for painting.

Writing Equipment

Colored statuette of Osiris
Colored statuette of Osiris

This lovely colored statuette, which was found in a tomb dating to the New Kingdom, is a standing representation of Osiris, the god of the dead.

Statue

Commemorative Relief of Montuhotep the Second
Commemorative Relief of Montuhotep the Second

This relief depicts King Montuhotep the Second placed between two pairs of gods, who are associated with the two parts of the country. This relief commemorates the reunification of Egypt. Horus of Behdet and Wadjet of Lower Egypt are in front of him, and Seth of Ombos and Nekhbet of Upper Egypt appear behind his throne.

Relief

Cornice with Grape Harvesting Scenes
Cornice with Grape Harvesting Scenes

The limestone cornice has five scenes depicting grape harvesting. It might have been divided into five pieces in the past by archaeologists to obtain a higher price for it.

Cornice

Cornice with Two Angels
Cornice with Two Angels

This is part of a limestone cornice, with a raised ornament representing two angels carrying a laurel wreath. In the center is the Lord Jesus Christ.

Cornice

Crocodile God Sobek
Crocodile God Sobek

The River Nile and the canals were the main roads of ancient Egypt, although sailing was a great risk because of the crocodiles and hippopotami. Egyptians, therefore, wanted to ward off the danger from crocodiles. They built temples for the cult of the crocodile god Sobek. This statue was placed in one of the god's temples by a pious worshipper. It was easy to pray and place offerings in front of the statue.

Statue

Cutters to Prepare Sheets of Paper
Cutters to Prepare Sheets of Paper

The ancient Egyptians were among the first people to know writing. Their success in making paper from papyrus meant that numerous items were needed to prepare the sheets of paper including these cutters.

Writing Equipment

Cylindrical Vessel of King Djoser
Cylindrical Vessel of King Djoser

This vessel is one of thousands discovered under the pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara. They were used to keep different kinds of food and drinks for the King to consume it in the netherworld.

Receptacle / Vessel

Double Statue of Tuthmosis the Third and Amun-Re
Double Statue of Tuthmosis the Third and Amun-Re

A fine sculptured double statue of Tuthmosis the third and the god Amun-Re. They embrace each other in a nice gesture of unity. The king is wearing the high Atef crown and the ceremonial wavy false beard of royalty. The king has handsome, soft features and an aquiline nose. The slim torso shows him to be a youthful and athletic person. The god's figure is largely broken and missing, and there was an attempt to restore it in ancient times.

Statue

Double Statue of a Man and Wife
Double Statue of a Man and Wife

This double statue probably depicts Meres-ankh and his wife, as it was found in his mastaba (tomb) at Giza. The man wears a curled wig, and has a fine mustache. He is wearing a short kilt with an overlap and a wide collar of polychrome faience. The lady's arm is round the shoulder of her husband.

Statue

Early Stone Hanging Vase
Early Stone Hanging Vase

This tall stone vase has pierced lugs, or projecting handles, on opposite sides that were used to hang it. This type of vase was made from the Late Predynastic times to the period of the First Dynasty. This kind of vase was reused later for votive offerings in the temple at Karnak.

Vase

Four Canopic Jars of the Lady of the House of Amun
Four Canopic Jars of the Lady of the House of Amun

Four limestone canopic jars that belonged to the Lady of the House and Chantress of Amun called Rewedj-ta-en-tay, from the New Kingdom or later. The heads (human, baboon, jackal and falcon) show few details, but are finely carved and polished. The heads represent four deities known as the four sons of Horus and the texts inscribed beg each of them to grant offerings to the lady owner of the jars.

Canopic Jar

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