The ancient Egyptians slept on beds covered with mattresses and provided with headrests. It is believed that the headrest allowed air to circulate round the neck of the sleeper, or kept his hairstyle in shape. In this headrest, the base, the shaft and the neck support are carved from the same block.
This statue of the baboon of Thoth, represents the deity seated with all the details of the face, the mane, and the hair covering the upper part of the body while leaving the fingers visible. The statue is adorned with a broad pectoral hanging from his neck, decorated with the solar bark containing the sun disk.
This ball-shaped vase was made for King Ahmose the First. It has a flat wide rim, a short thick neck, and a flat wide handle. A square frame, containing the names and epithets of the king, is incised on the body; over it is the sky sign. The vase might have contained unguent presented to the king.
The wooden box has a lid and contains a set of eight cylindrical alabaster vases. They had been filled and then carefully stored inside the box in two rows. All have lids with the names of their contents.
This relief depicts King Montuhotep the Second placed between two pairs of gods, who are associated with the two parts of the country. This relief commemorates the reunification of Egypt. Horus of Behdet and Wadjet of Lower Egypt are in front of him, and Seth of Ombos and Nekhbet of Upper Egypt appear behind his throne.
The River Nile and the canals were the main roads of ancient Egypt, although sailing was a great risk because of the crocodiles and hippopotami. Egyptians, therefore, wanted to ward off the danger from crocodiles. They built temples for the cult of the crocodile god Sobek. This statue was placed in one of the god's temples by a pious worshipper. It was easy to pray and place offerings in front of the statue.
The ancient Egyptians were among the first people to know writing. Their success in making paper from papyrus meant that numerous items were needed to prepare the sheets of paper including these cutters.
A fine sculptured double statue of Tuthmosis the third and the god Amun-Re. They embrace each other in a nice gesture of unity. The king is wearing the high Atef crown and the ceremonial wavy false beard of royalty. The king has handsome, soft features and an aquiline nose. The slim torso shows him to be a youthful and athletic person. The god's figure is largely broken and missing, and there was an attempt to restore it in ancient times.
This double statue probably depicts Meres-ankh and his wife, as it was found in his mastaba (tomb) at Giza. The man wears a curled wig, and has a fine mustache. He is wearing a short kilt with an overlap and a wide collar of polychrome faience. The lady's arm is round the shoulder of her husband.
This tall stone vase has pierced lugs, or projecting handles, on opposite sides that were used to hang it. This type of vase was made from the Late Predynastic times to the period of the First Dynasty. This kind of vase was reused later for votive offerings in the temple at Karnak.
Four limestone canopic jars that belonged to the Lady of the House and Chantress of Amun called Rewedj-ta-en-tay, from the New Kingdom or later. The heads (human, baboon, jackal and falcon) show few details, but are finely carved and polished. The heads represent four deities known as the four sons of Horus and the texts inscribed beg each of them to grant offerings to the lady owner of the jars.