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Technique: Hewn Technique: Hewn

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Title Type
Box Containing Eight Alabaster Vases
Box Containing Eight Alabaster Vases

The wooden box has a lid and contains a set of eight cylindrical alabaster vases. They had been filled and then carefully stored inside the box in two rows. All have lids with the names of their contents.

Box / Chest / Casket

Bust of Amenemhat the Third in Priestly Costume
Bust of Amenemhat the Third in Priestly Costume

This is the upper part of a gray granite, larger than life-size statue of King Amenemhat the Third. It depicts the king as a high priest wearing the panther skin.

Bust

Bust of King Merenptah
Bust of King Merenptah

This gray granite bust from a statue of King Merenptah shows the king as a middle-aged man. He wears the Nemes headdress topped by the uraeus, or royal cobra.

Statue

Bust of Montuemhat
Bust of Montuemhat

This head belongs to Montuemhat, the Fourth Prophet of Amun, Mayor of Thebes and Governor of Upper Egypt.

Bust

Bust of Ramesses the Second
Bust of Ramesses the Second

This bust depicts a seated statue of Ramesses the Second. He is portrayed wearing a round wig, to which the uraeus, or cobra, is attached, a broad collar that covers his chest, and a pleated outfit with wide sleeves.

Bust

Canopic Chest of Tutankhamun
Canopic Chest of Tutankhamun

This alabaster canopic chest is considered to be one of the finest masterpieces of Tutankhamun's collection.

Canopic Chest

Chest in the Form of a Sarcophagus
Chest in the Form of a Sarcophagus

A small chest in the form of a sarcophagus with a pyramid-shaped lid. The artist used white marble in a marvelous way while creating it.

Naos

Circular Marble Portrait of a Double-Headed Eagle
Circular Marble Portrait of a Double-Headed Eagle

A circular marble portrait has a protruding engraved illustration of a double-headed eagle and an ox. The background is meticulously and elegantly carved with floral designs.

Panel

Column Capital as Baptismal Font
Column Capital as Baptismal Font

The column capital, hollowed out on the top, was used as a baptismal font. It is decorated with geometric shapes in the form of a braided basket with a lotus flower decorating the center.

Capital of Column

Column Capital in form of Vine with Grape Clusters
Column Capital in form of Vine with Grape Clusters

The colored limestone column capital is in the form of a whole vine with leaves and clusters of grapes. The vine in the Coptic Orthodox Church refers to the Lord Jesus Christ, the Holy Virgin, or the church itself.

Architectural Element

Column Capital in the Form of a Basket
Column Capital in the Form of a Basket

This column capital is in the form of a basket adorned with doves, crosses, and the ancient Egyptian Ankh, or life, sign.

Capital of Column

Column Capital with Braided Basket
Column Capital with Braided Basket

The colored limestone column capital is decorated with a braided basket. Over the basket is a ram's head and in the corners are birds placed over crosses.

Capital of Column

Cornice with Nilus and Harpocrates
Cornice with Nilus and Harpocrates

This is part of a cornice with plant decoration and an ornament representing the god Nilus with the god Harpocrates on his left shoulder.

Cornice

Cornice with Person Fishing
Cornice with Person Fishing

This is part of a cornice representing a person fishing from a boat. In ancient Egypt, fish were believed to purify the heart of the deceased. In Christianity, fish are linked with the Lord Jesus Christ.

Cornice

Cylindrical Seal
Cylindrical Seal

When impressed on clay, cylindrical seals acted as marks of ownership. They were incised with figures of scorpions, men, crocodiles, or bees.

Writing Equipment

Door Lintel with Nymph
Door Lintel with Nymph

The upper lintel, a horizontal stone or beam above a door, is carved with a shell. The center is ornamented with acanthas leaves, a type of prickly herb, and a nymph, a minor divinity represented as a beautiful maiden.

Lintel

Fragment of a Frieze
Fragment of a Frieze

Fragment of a frieze with carving in high relief, which is decorated in the center with a twining branch, from which five leaves and four bunches of grapes are growing.

Frieze

Fragment of a Frieze
Fragment of a Frieze

This fragment of a limestone frieze is decorated with carving in relief. Friezes are used to decorate walls and are usually composed of illustrations of animals and designs of flowers and leaves.

Frieze

Frieze with Floral Decorations
Frieze with Floral Decorations

A limestone frieze decorated in the center with a twining vine in high relief. Five leaves and three bunches of grapes are growing from the branch.

Frieze

Funeral Painting with Bird in Flight
Funeral Painting with Bird in Flight

The remaining part of a rectangular funeral painting has a dedication to the Patriarch Jonas. The painting shows a bird spreading its wings. It also depicts floral ornamentation.

Stela or Tombstone

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