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Materials: Marble Materials: Marble

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Title Type
Black Granite Sphinx from The Hellenistic Period
Black Granite Sphinx from The Hellenistic Period

A black granite sphinx from the Hellenistic period, the face is that of a Ptolemaic king wearing the Nemes headdress; on the forehead there is the uraeus, royal cobra. The features are not clear, the ears protrude; the lion body is lying down.

Statue

Black Granite Statue of a Priest
Black Granite Statue of a Priest

A black granite statue of a priest with a shaven head that dates back to the Hellenistic period. The priest is carrying a canopic jar; his left cheek is resting against the jar. He is wearing a gown that covers his whole body and his hands.

Statue

Chest in the Form of a Sarcophagus
Chest in the Form of a Sarcophagus

A small chest in the form of a sarcophagus with a pyramid-shaped lid. The artist used white marble in a marvelous way while creating it.

Naos

Circular Marble Portrait of a Double-Headed Eagle
Circular Marble Portrait of a Double-Headed Eagle

A circular marble portrait has a protruding engraved illustration of a double-headed eagle and an ox. The background is meticulously and elegantly carved with floral designs.

Panel

Column Capital as Baptismal Font
Column Capital as Baptismal Font

The column capital, hollowed out on the top, was used as a baptismal font. It is decorated with geometric shapes in the form of a braided basket with a lotus flower decorating the center.

Capital of Column

Column Capital as Baptismal Font with Basket Decoration
Column Capital as Baptismal Font with Basket Decoration

The column capital is carved to resemble a basket braided from palm leaves. It was used as a basin or as a baptismal font. The surface is hollowed and has an opening from which the water can drain.

Capital of Column

Head of Alexander
Head of Alexander

As was the trend at the time it was created, the artist paid special attention to Alexander the Great's face in this sculpture, while other details are less pronounced.

Head

Head of Emperor Hadrian
Head of Emperor Hadrian

A head of the Roman emperor Hadrian, who ruled from A.D. 117 to 138. Only the head and part of the chest remain. The emperor is wearing military uniform and the upper part of his head is crowned with the head of the Gorgon, Medusa.

Head

Head of Hermes
Head of Hermes

This head portrays the Greek god Hermes with curly hair and a small mouth and nose. Hermes, like Thoth during the Pharonic period, was known as the Messenger of the Gods.

Head

Head of a Ptolemaic Woman
Head of a Ptolemaic Woman

The head of a Ptolemaic woman made of marble; it may represent Berenice. The hair is parted in the middle and is gathered together at the back.

Head

Head of the Wife of an Emperor
Head of the Wife of an Emperor

This head of a woman, probably the wife of an emperor, was one of the objects eroded by the seawater. Some details of the hair are still visible, but the features are now just an effaced silhouette.

Head

Large Marble Jar for Storing Drinking Water
Large Marble Jar for Storing Drinking Water

This large white marble jar is simple in shape and is decorated with Naskh calligraphy. Jars of this kind were for domestic use and were almost always made of pottery.

Receptacle / Vessel

Lion's Head Memorial
Lion's Head Memorial

A marble statue of the head of a lion rests on an engraved oval memorial.

Statue

Marble Base of a Water Pot with Lions and Women
Marble Base of a Water Pot with Lions and Women

The marble base of a water pot is supported by four lions and decorated at the four corners with women covering their breasts with their hands.

Jar

Marble Capital of a Column
Marble Capital of a Column

The marble capital, the remainder of what was once a column, is decorated with Naskh inscriptions carved in relief. It is from the Ayyubid period.

Column / Pillar

Marble Kilga, or Jar Holder
Marble Kilga, or Jar Holder

The eight-sided marble kilga, or jar holder, consists of a marble basin with decorations of animals and inscriptions.

Jar

Marble Panel with Mihrab Design
Marble Panel with Mihrab Design

The marble panel with a mihrab, or niche, design is decorated with a lamp and two candlesticks set on a geometric and plant-like background, bearing a Naskh inscription.

Panel

Marble Plaque of Ahmed Effendi
Marble Plaque of Ahmed Effendi

A foundation plaque of pure white marble was used on a public drinking fountain set up by a man named Ahmed Effendi.

Foundation Slab

Marble Plaque with Eagle
Marble Plaque with Eagle

A rectangular marble plaque has a main ornament in the shape of a blazon, on which is an eagle with its wings outspread over a cup, the blazon of Sultan Al-Nasir Mohamed Ibn Qala'un.

Slab

Marble Plaque with Poetry
Marble Plaque with Poetry

This marble plaque is inscribed with four lines of praise poetry in Naskh script. It appears that this plaque may immortalize a person who has done good deeds for an organization.

Foundation Slab

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