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Type: Temple Type: Temple

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Title Type
Deir el-Bahari
Deir el-Bahari

The site of Deir el-Bahari lies on the west bank of Thebes. The site, which was related to the goddess Hathor, was chosen by King Montuhotep the Second and Queen Hatshepsut to erect their temples.

Temple

Hathor Chapel in Queen Hatshepsut's Temple
Hathor Chapel in Queen Hatshepsut's Temple

The Hathor chapel is an elegant part of the funerary temple of Queen Hatshepsut; it is located on the southern side of the second terrace of the temple and has a separate entrance.

Temple

Karnak Temple
Karnak Temple

The site of the Karnak Temples is an open natural museum of Ancient Egyptian history. It contains a mixture of the different architectural styles built by the kings who ruled the country from the Twelfth Dynasty until the Greco-Roman times.

Temple

Luxor Temple
Luxor Temple

The Luxor Temple, called "Ipet resyt", was dedicated to the Theban Triad of Amun-Re, his wife Mut, and his son Khonsu.

Temple

Medinet Habu
Medinet Habu

The temple of Medinet Habu is one of the most impressive structures west of Thebes. It was built for Ramesses the Third as a mortuary temple. The work was done under the direction of the treasurer, Amun Amonmose.

Temple

Scenes of the Opet Feast
Scenes of the Opet Feast

The relief on both long walls of the colonnade of Amenhotep the Third at the Luxor Temple shows the Opet feast, which celebrates the journey of the small ships that carry the statues of the Theban Triad from the Temple at Karnak to the Luxor Temple and back again.

Temple

The Avenue of Sphinxes at Luxor Temple
The Avenue of Sphinxes at Luxor Temple

The Avenue of Sphinxes at the Luxor Temple was a double line of human-headed sphinxes. On feast days, priests paraded along this avenue, carrying the wooden barks, or small ships, that held shrines containing the statues of the deities Amun-Re, Mut, and Khonsu.

Temple

The Bark Sanctuary of Amenhotep the Third and Chapel of Alexander the Great
The Bark Sanctuary of Amenhotep the Third and Chapel of Alexander the Great

Inside the sanctuary of Amenhotep the Third, the sacred bark of Amun-Re was kept after it had been brought from Karnak. During the time of Alexander the Great, the present chapel was built and decorated with depictions of Alexander worshiping various Egyptian deities.

Temple

The East Tower of the Pylon
The East Tower of the Pylon

The East Tower of the Pylon shows scenes of the battlefield where King Ramesses the Second is riding in his war chariot.

Temple

The Facade of the Pylon at Luxor Temple
The Facade of the Pylon at Luxor Temple

The pylon, or temple gateway, at Luxor Temple was built during the reign of King Ramesses the Second. It is decorated with panoramic scenes and texts of the famous Battle of Kadesh.

Temple

The Forecourt of Amenhotep the Third
The Forecourt of Amenhotep the Third

The huge forecourt of Amenhotep the Third at Luxor Temple contains 64 columns arranged in double rows on three sides. It was the main gathering place for the common people.

Temple

The Great Court of Ramesses the Second
The Great Court of Ramesses the Second

Scenes in relief on the walls of the Great Court of Ramesses the Second portray the festivals celebrated by the royal family and officials. The court is surrounded by a double row of columns and the southern end has huge standing statues of Ramesses the Second.

Temple

The Hypostyle Hall of Amenhotep the Third
The Hypostyle Hall of Amenhotep the Third

The hall of Amenhotep the Third is a hypostyle hall, in which the roof rests on rows of columns. It contains 32 clustered papyrus columns arranged in fours and the walls are decorated with scenes of the king making offerings to Amun-Re.

Temple

The Luxor Temple Hidden Statues
The Luxor Temple Hidden Statues

Excavations on the southwestern side of the forecourt of Amenhotep the Third at Luxor Temple uncovered a hidden storage room that contained 26 well-preserved statues of kings, queens, and deities.

Temple

The Northeastern Portion of the Court
The Northeastern Portion of the Court

The northeastern portion of the Great Court of Ramesses the Second contains the mosque of the Muslim saint Sidi Abul Haggag. It has a view of the back of the east tower of the pylon, or temple gateway, which is inscribed with two important scenes.

Temple

The Northwestern Part of the Court
The Northwestern Part of the Court

The northwestern part of the Great Court of Ramesses the Second contains the triple shrine that housed the wooden bark, or small ship, that held the statues of the three deities Amun-Re, Mut, and Khonsu.

Temple

The Obelisk in Front of Luxor Temple
The Obelisk in Front of Luxor Temple

The obelisk, a four-sided pillar that tapers into a pyramid, is dedicated by Ramesses the Second to the temple and the deity Amun-Re on the occasion of the king's jubilee.

Temple

The Offering Table Room of Amenhotep the Third
The Offering Table Room of Amenhotep the Third

Offerings and sacrifices were placed in the offering table room of Amenhotep the Third when the bark, or small ship, of Amun-Re was stored in its sanctuary at the Luxor Temple.

Temple

The Processional Colonnade of Amenhotep the Third
The Processional Colonnade of Amenhotep the Third

The colonnade, which now forms the entrance to the temple of Amenhotep the Third, consists of seven pairs of columns. The colonnade was left undecorated after the death of Amenhotep the Third until the time of Tutankhamun and Horemheb.

Temple

The Southwestern Wall of the Court
The Southwestern Wall of the Court

The southwestern wall of the Great Court of Ramesses the Second shows the pylon, or temple gateway, being approached by princes and high officials bringing ornamented bulls for sacrifice. From the horns of the bulls emerge the king's enemies, identified by their ethnic features.

Temple

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