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Type: Archaeological Site Type: Archaeological Site

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Title Type
Abusir
Abusir

Abusir is situated to the north of Saqqara. It has the remains of the sun temples, pyramids, and some private tombs of the Fifth Dynasty .

Archaeological Site

Abydos
Abydos

Abydos is the Greek name of the ancient Egyptian town called Abdju. It was the capital of the eighth nome of Upper Egypt and the main cult center of Osiris. Within the region, there are many archaeological sites.

Archaeological Site

Akhmim
Akhmim

Akhmim is situated to the east of Sohag. It was an important town that was sacred to the fertility god Min. Ramesses the Second built a huge temple there.

Archaeological Site

Alexandria
Alexandria

Alexandria was founded in 331 BC by Alexander the Great. The planning of the city was entrusted to the Greek architect Dinocrates. The city of Alexandria is famous for its ancient library; the Museion, or museum; the Serapeum, or temple; Pompey's Pillar and the catacombs.

Archaeological Site

Asiut
Asiut

Asiut is known for its monuments dating to the Old Kingdom and the First Intermediate Period. It was the capital of the fifteenth nome in Upper Egypt.

Archaeological Site

Aswan
Aswan

Aswan is the southernmost town in Egypt. Its name was derived from the Ancient Egyptian word Swn, which means "market", "to trade" or "trading."

Archaeological Site

Boats Pits of King Unas
Boats Pits of King Unas

Next to the processional causeway of King Unas, one meter and a half from the remains of the funerary temple, there are two large boat-shaped pits; each is about 44m long and the shapes are similar to the five boat pits found near the Pyramid of King Khufu.

Archaeological Site

Deir El-Medina
Deir El-Medina

The name Deir el-Medina means the Monastery of the Town. Deir el-Medina is the village of the workmen and their families who built and decorated the tombs and temples at Thebes.

Archaeological Site

Dra'Abul-Naga
Dra'Abul-Naga

Dra'Abul-Naga is situated between El-Tarif and Deir El-Bahari on the west side of Thebes. It was the necropolis of the Theban rulers of the Seventeenth Dynasty and their families.

Archaeological Site

Edfu
Edfu

Edfu is a town situated to the south in Upper Egypt, about 120 kilometers or 75 miles to the north of Aswan. Edfu has a great Temple of Horus that was built in the Ptolemaic period.

Archaeological Site

El-Tod
El-Tod

El-Tod is a village located some 18 kilometers or 11 miles southwest of Luxor. It was the cult center for Montu, the Ancient Egyptian god of war.

Archaeological Site

Elephantine
Elephantine

This granite island was the capital of the First Nome of Upper Egypt. Its Ancient Egyptian name was Abw, meaning "ivory".

Archaeological Site

Entry Colonnade of the King Djoser Complex
Entry Colonnade of the King Djoser Complex

The Step Pyramid complex of King Djoser in the Saqqarah necropolis is surrounded by a wall that has a single door. The door leads through a narrow passageway to the great entrance colonnade.

Archaeological Site

Faiyum
Faiyum

Faiyum is an oasis in the western desert, about 90 kilometers or 56 miles southwest of Cairo. Faiyum was developed by the kings of the Middle Kingdom who started great irrigation and cultivation projects at this site.

Archaeological Site

Hawara
Hawara

Hawara is a village about six miles, or nine kilometers, southeast of the town of Faiyum. The ancient Egyptian name of Hawara was Het-waret, which means "Place of the Leg".

Archaeological Site

Heb-Sed Courtyard and Chapels of the King Djoser Complex
Heb-Sed Courtyard and Chapels of the King Djoser Complex

To the east side of the great courtyard of the King Djoser complex and parallel to it, there is a rectangular courtyard called the Heb-Sed court. The Heb-Sed was a royal festival held every 30 years to celebrate the jubilee of the pharaoh.

Archaeological Site

Heliopolis
Heliopolis

The ancient Egyptian name for Heliopolis was Iunu or On. It is one of the oldest cities in Egypt. It became known as Heliopolis, or the "city of the sun," during the Greek period. Heliopolis is situated on the northeast outskirts of Cairo amid the well-cultivated fields.

Archaeological Site

Hemicycle of Poets and Philosophers in Saqqara
Hemicycle of Poets and Philosophers in Saqqara

In the desert of the great necropolis of Saqqara, the visitor is astonished to see a hemicycle containing a group of standing and seated statues, the style of which is not Egyptian. It is the remains of a Greek monument that was constructed and decorated by King Ptolemy the first (Soter). It is now protected from erosion by a cement awning.

Archaeological Site

Meidum
Meidum

Meidum lies about 50 kilometers or 31 miles southwest of Cairo. This site contains several great monuments. These include the Meidum Pyramid that was attributed to King Senefru, as well as some famous tombs such as the tombs of Nefer-maat and Itet, from which came the painting known as the Geese of Meidum.

Archaeological Site

Memphis
Memphis

Before 3000 BC, Egypt was divided into two kingdoms, Lower and Upper Egypt. After the unification of these two parts by King Menes, it was necessary to establish a new capital for the unified country. Starting from the Old Kingdom, the capital was called Mennefer, pronounced afterward by the Greeks as Memphis.

Archaeological Site

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