The site of the Karnak Temples is an open natural museum of Ancient Egyptian history. It contains a mixture of the different architectural styles built by the kings who ruled the country from the Twelfth Dynasty until the Greco-Roman times.
The temple of Medinet Habu is one of the most impressive structures west of Thebes. It was built for Ramesses the Third as a mortuary temple. The work was done under the direction of the treasurer, Amun Amonmose.
The relief on both long walls of the colonnade of Amenhotep the Third at the Luxor Temple shows the Opet feast, which celebrates the journey of the small ships that carry the statues of the Theban Triad from the Temple at Karnak to the Luxor Temple and back again.
Inside the sanctuary of Amenhotep the Third, the sacred bark of Amun-Re was kept after it had been brought from Karnak. During the time of Alexander the Great, the present chapel was built and decorated with depictions of Alexander worshiping various Egyptian deities.
The hall of Amenhotep the Third is a hypostyle hall, in which the roof rests on rows of columns. It contains 32 clustered papyrus columns arranged in fours and the walls are decorated with scenes of the king making offerings to Amun-Re.
The colonnade, which now forms the entrance to the temple of Amenhotep the Third, consists of seven pairs of columns. The colonnade was left undecorated after the death of Amenhotep the Third until the time of Tutankhamun and Horemheb.
The vestibule, a passage between the outer door and the interior rooms, at the Luxor Temple might have been used initially as the hall of the "Royal Appearances" during the time of Amenhotep the Third. The hall was later turned into a Roman temple, then a camp for the soldiers of Emperor Diocletian, and finally a Coptic Church.
The Valley of the Kings took its name from the furnished rock-cut tombs for the kings of the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Dynasties. At least 26 of the 32 rulers of these dynasties were buried in the Valley of the Kings. It lies about six kilometers or four miles from the western bank of the Nile at Thebes.