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Style: New Kingdom/19th.dyn. Style: New Kingdom/19th.dyn.
Title Type
Abydos
Abydos

Abydos is the Greek name of the ancient Egyptian town called Abdju. It was the capital of the eighth nome of Upper Egypt and the main cult center of Osiris. Within the region, there are many archaeological sites.

Archaeological Site

Deir El-Medina
Deir El-Medina

The name Deir el-Medina means the Monastery of the Town. Deir el-Medina is the village of the workmen and their families who built and decorated the tombs and temples at Thebes.

Archaeological Site

Dra'Abul-Naga
Dra'Abul-Naga

Dra'Abul-Naga is situated between El-Tarif and Deir El-Bahari on the west side of Thebes. It was the necropolis of the Theban rulers of the Seventeenth Dynasty and their families.

Archaeological Site

Karnak Temple
Karnak Temple

The site of the Karnak Temples is an open natural museum of Ancient Egyptian history. It contains a mixture of the different architectural styles built by the kings who ruled the country from the Twelfth Dynasty until the Greco-Roman times.

Temple

Luxor Temple
Luxor Temple

The Luxor Temple, called "Ipet resyt", was dedicated to the Theban Triad of Amun-Re, his wife Mut, and his son Khonsu.

Temple

Medinet Habu
Medinet Habu

The temple of Medinet Habu is one of the most impressive structures west of Thebes. It was built for Ramesses the Third as a mortuary temple. The work was done under the direction of the treasurer, Amun Amonmose.

Temple

The Avenue of Sphinxes at Luxor Temple
The Avenue of Sphinxes at Luxor Temple

The Avenue of Sphinxes at the Luxor Temple was a double line of human-headed sphinxes. On feast days, priests paraded along this avenue, carrying the wooden barks, or small ships, that held shrines containing the statues of the deities Amun-Re, Mut, and Khonsu.

Temple

The East Tower of the Pylon
The East Tower of the Pylon

The East Tower of the Pylon shows scenes of the battlefield where King Ramesses the Second is riding in his war chariot.

Temple

The Facade of the Pylon at Luxor Temple
The Facade of the Pylon at Luxor Temple

The pylon, or temple gateway, at Luxor Temple was built during the reign of King Ramesses the Second. It is decorated with panoramic scenes and texts of the famous Battle of Kadesh.

Temple

The Great Court of Ramesses the Second
The Great Court of Ramesses the Second

Scenes in relief on the walls of the Great Court of Ramesses the Second portray the festivals celebrated by the royal family and officials. The court is surrounded by a double row of columns and the southern end has huge standing statues of Ramesses the Second.

Temple

The Luxor Temple Hidden Statues
The Luxor Temple Hidden Statues

Excavations on the southwestern side of the forecourt of Amenhotep the Third at Luxor Temple uncovered a hidden storage room that contained 26 well-preserved statues of kings, queens, and deities.

Temple

The Northeastern Portion of the Court
The Northeastern Portion of the Court

The northeastern portion of the Great Court of Ramesses the Second contains the mosque of the Muslim saint Sidi Abul Haggag. It has a view of the back of the east tower of the pylon, or temple gateway, which is inscribed with two important scenes.

Temple

The Northwestern Part of the Court
The Northwestern Part of the Court

The northwestern part of the Great Court of Ramesses the Second contains the triple shrine that housed the wooden bark, or small ship, that held the statues of the three deities Amun-Re, Mut, and Khonsu.

Temple

The Obelisk in Front of Luxor Temple
The Obelisk in Front of Luxor Temple

The obelisk, a four-sided pillar that tapers into a pyramid, is dedicated by Ramesses the Second to the temple and the deity Amun-Re on the occasion of the king's jubilee.

Temple

The Southwestern Wall of the Court
The Southwestern Wall of the Court

The southwestern wall of the Great Court of Ramesses the Second shows the pylon, or temple gateway, being approached by princes and high officials bringing ornamented bulls for sacrifice. From the horns of the bulls emerge the king's enemies, identified by their ethnic features.

Temple

The West Tower of the Pylon
The West Tower of the Pylon

The scenes on the West Tower of the Pylon show King Ramesses the Second attending a war council and the daily activities inside the camp.

Temple

Tomb of Sennedjem
Tomb of Sennedjem

Sennedjem was the chief artisan in the Theban necropolis during the reigns of Seti the First and Ramesses the Second. His title was "servant in the Place of Truth." His tomb was found intact in A.D. 1886 in the Valley of Artisans, near the Valley of the Queens.

Tomb

Valley of the Kings
Valley of the Kings

The Valley of the Kings took its name from the furnished rock-cut tombs for the kings of the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Dynasties. At least 26 of the 32 rulers of these dynasties were buried in the Valley of the Kings. It lies about six kilometers or four miles from the western bank of the Nile at Thebes.

Necropolis

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