Giza was chosen by King Khufu and his successors, Khafra and Menkaure, to erect their funerary complexes. The site also contains the tombs of the courtiers of the Fourth Dynasty and those of the workmen.
Meidum lies about 50 kilometers or 31 miles southwest of Cairo. This site contains several great monuments. These include the Meidum Pyramid that was attributed to King Senefru, as well as some famous tombs such as the tombs of Nefer-maat and Itet, from which came the painting known as the Geese of Meidum.
The Pyramid of Menkaure is the smallest one on the Giza plateau and is 66 meters or 216 feet high. It is built on the edge of the sloping plateau. This pyramid was finished by King Shepseskaf, the successor to King Menkaure.
The Valley Temple of King Khafra's Giza complex lies at the edge of the plain near the modern village of Nazlet El-Samman. The Valley Temple is the most complete of all the buildings in the complex of King Khafra.