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Title Type
Abu El-Haggag Mosque in Luxor
Abu El-Haggag Mosque in Luxor

Abu Al-Haggag's mosque was built on a small square area and has a small dome. It was built in the northeast area of the Luxor Temple and probably dates back to the middle of the Fatimid era. However, changes were made to the mosque in the Ayyubid era.

Mausoleum

Abusir
Abusir

Abusir is situated to the north of Saqqara. It has the remains of the sun temples, pyramids, and some private tombs of the Fifth Dynasty .

Archaeological Site

Abydos
Abydos

Abydos is the Greek name of the ancient Egyptian town called Abdju. It was the capital of the eighth nome of Upper Egypt and the main cult center of Osiris. Within the region, there are many archaeological sites.

Archaeological Site

Acroterium Base with a Lion Head
Acroterium Base with a Lion Head

A small Acroterium base ends with an open-mouthed lion head. The lion has hollow eyes and a long mane. It is possible that this acroterium was the base of a statue. The "acroterium" means a small base for a statue or other ornament.

Accessory

Akhmim
Akhmim

Akhmim is situated to the east of Sohag. It was an important town that was sacred to the fertility god Min. Ramesses the Second built a huge temple there.

Archaeological Site

Al Mo'meny Oratory
Al Mo'meny Oratory

This oratory is located at the beginning of Al-Sayeda Aisha Street from Al-Qala'a Square, in the direction of Al-Khalifa Police Station, which was known in earlier times as the Sultanate Square in Romaila. Deceased persons were carried to establishments like this one to be washed according to Islamic custom and to be prepared for burial. They could then receive the funerary prayers. The oratory is an indication of the harmony of this aspect of Islamic society in Egypt.

Mosque

Al-Aqmar Mosque
Al-Aqmar Mosque

The Al-Aqmar Mosque consists of a central nave surrounded by four aisles. The prayer aisle is the largest. Small domes cover each aisle.

Congregational Mosque

Al-Azhar Mosque
Al-Azhar Mosque

Al-Azhar Mosque was established as a Shi'ite school in the Fatimid era. It consisted of a court surrounded by three aisles, the largest of which is the prayer direction aisle.

Mosque

Al-Mahmoudeyyah School Known by The Kurdi Mosque
Al-Mahmoudeyyah School Known by The Kurdi Mosque

This school is presently located in a place that had been called Haret Al-Mansureyya (Mansureyya Lane) in the Fatimid period. Today, archeologists call it "The Kurdi Mosque." It specialized in the study of the Hanifi doctrine, and theology. The present area of the school is an irregular rectangle, and the design is that of the usual iwans. The minaret is characterized by being of baked brick covered with a layer of stucco; the rest of the construction is of stone.

Madrasa and Mosque

Al-Qadi Abdel Basit School
Al-Qadi Abdel Basit School

The Al-Qadi Abdel Basit School played more than one role. As an establishment it included a school and a mosque. In a later era, a funerary role was added.

Mosque, Madrasa and Convent

Alexandria
Alexandria

Alexandria was founded in 331 BC by Alexander the Great. The planning of the city was entrusted to the Greek architect Dinocrates. The city of Alexandria is famous for its ancient library; the Museion, or museum; the Serapeum, or temple; Pompey's Pillar and the catacombs.

Archaeological Site

Amenhotep, Son of Hapu
Amenhotep, Son of Hapu

Amenhotep, Son of Hapu, started his official life as a scribe in the court of Amenhotep the Third at Thebes. Later on, he succeeded to a higher rank and became the chief of the public works. Amenhotep, Son of Hapu was favored by the King. During the Ptolemaic period, he was venerated as a god of science and healing.

Architect

Amr Ibn Al-As Mosque
Amr Ibn Al-As Mosque

As Egypt's most ancient Islamic mosque, the Amr Ibn Al-As Mosque was built in the age of the Islamic Conquest of Egypt. It has been subject to many changes in the subsequent Islamic eras.

Mosque

Asiut
Asiut

Asiut is known for its monuments dating to the Old Kingdom and the First Intermediate Period. It was the capital of the fifteenth nome in Upper Egypt.

Archaeological Site

Aswan
Aswan

Aswan is the southernmost town in Egypt. Its name was derived from the Ancient Egyptian word Swn, which means "market", "to trade" or "trading."

Archaeological Site

Azdumur Al-Salehi Society
Azdumur Al-Salehi Society

This society, or study center, for Sufis is situated in al-Qadiriyyah Street, which leads to the tomb of Al-Imam Al-Shafii. It is considered to be a rare monument, as it represents a type of religious establishment about which we have very little information.

Mausoleum

Bab Al Azab (Al Azab Gate)
Bab Al Azab (Al Azab Gate)

This is the gate of the Citadel that looks out over the Sultan Hassan School and the Mosque of Al Refai. It is considered to be one of the largest and most beautiful Islamic buildings.

Defensive Architecture

Bab Al-Qarrafa
Bab Al-Qarrafa

Bab Al-Qarrafa is a vaulted passage. At the end of the vault radius there are segments of spherical triangles.

Defensive Architecture

Beni Hassan
Beni Hassan

Beni Hassan is situated about 23 kilometers or 14 miles to the south of El-Minya. It is famous for its 39 large rock-cut tombs belonging to the high officials of the Middle Kingdom.

Necropolis

Black Varnished Wood Shrine
Black Varnished Wood Shrine

The black varnished wood shrine has a convex roof that slopes away toward the back to resemble the Predynastic temples of southern Egypt. It originally contained two snake statues on a standard.

Shrine

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