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Abraham

Prophet

Abraham was born in Ur of the Chaldees. Abraham married Sarah. He migrated to the Land of Canaan. When a famine took place, Abraham moved to Egypt. Ismail and Isaac were two of his sons.

Abu El-Haggag Mosque in Luxor

Mausoleum

Abu Al-Haggag's mosque was built on a small square area and has a small dome. It was built in the northeast area of the Luxor Temple and probably dates back to the middle of the Fatimid era. However, changes were made to the mosque in the Ayyubid era.

Abusir

Archaeological Site

Abusir is situated to the north of Saqqara. It has the remains of the sun temples, pyramids, and some private tombs of the Fifth Dynasty .

Abydos

Archaeological Site

Abydos is the Greek name of the ancient Egyptian town called Abdju. It was the capital of the eighth nome of Upper Egypt and the main cult center of Osiris. Within the region, there are many archaeological sites.

Aegis with Apis Head

Aegis

The head of a bull, symbolizing Apis, is on the top of this aegis, or shield. Apis wears the horned sun disk crown decorated with the cobra and surmounted by two feathers.

Aegis with the Head of Anukis

Aegis

The aegis is a pectoral decorated with the heads of gods. This example is decorated with the head of the goddess Anukis wearing her feathered crown.

Akhmim

Archaeological Site

Akhmim is situated to the east of Sohag. It was an important town that was sacred to the fertility god Min. Ramesses the Second built a huge temple there.

Al-Aqmar Mosque

Congregational Mosque

The Al-Aqmar Mosque consists of a central nave surrounded by four aisles. The prayer aisle is the largest. Small domes cover each aisle.

Al-Azhar Mosque

Mosque

Al-Azhar Mosque was established as a Shi'ite school in the Fatimid era. It consisted of a court surrounded by three aisles, the largest of which is the prayer direction aisle.

Al-Imam Al-Shafii(Al-I'mām Al-Ŝāf̉̉i)

Scholar

Al-Imam Al-Shafii (Al-I'mām Al-Ŝāf̉i)is one of the four great Muslim imams. He was born in Gaza and mastered the Qur'an, Sciences of Hadith (Al-Hadίŧ)(Prophetic Traditions), and Islamic jurisprudence.

Al-Laiyth Ibn Saad

Scholar

Al-Laiyth Ibn-Saad was born in Cairo, his family was originally from Isfahan (now in Iran). He was taught in Egypt by prominent scholars and orators and then he traveled to other countries to study under the supervision of Iraqi and Hijazi sheikhs. According to the historical sources, he was a wealthy person.

Alabaster Boat

Boat

This alabaster boat stands on a base representing a square pool.

Alabaster Headrest

Headrest

The ancient Egyptians slept on beds covered with mattresses and provided with headrests. It is believed that the headrest allowed air to circulate round the neck of the sleeper, or kept his hairstyle in shape. In this headrest, the base, the shaft and the neck support are carved from the same block.

Alb Sleeve of Satin

Sleeve

This sleeve is made of satin and adorned with pictures of two saints. It is usually worn over the alb to cover the priest's arms during the Mass.

Amduat of Nespaqashuty

Papyrus

The book is an abbreviated version for Nespaqashuty of the book of the Amduat"the book of the underworld", which describes the journey of the sun god through the 12 hours of the night.

Amduat of an Unknown Official

Papyrus

This funerary papyrus shows the 11th and the 12th hours of the Amduat, or "Book of the Underworld." The Amduat describes the journey of the sun god through the 12 hours of the night.

Ameneminet Begging for Offerings

Statue

Ameneminet is squatting with his hand to his mouth imploring visitors to give him offerings. Before him stands a sistrum, or rattle, a symbol of the goddess Hathor.

Amenhotep the Fourth, "Akhenaten"

Head

This head was once part of an Osiride statue erected by the king at Thebes. It should be dated to his early years since Akhenaten would certainly never have erected such a structure in the very shadow of the Temple of Amun at Karnak after departing for Amarna.

Amenhotep the Second

King

Amenhotep The Second was the son of Queen Meryt-Re and King Tuthmosis the Third. He was fond of sports like archery and rowing.

Amenhotep the Third and the God Sobek

Statue

King Amenhotep the Third is depicted in this sculpture with the crocodile god Sobek. The king's graceful face conveys a sense of youth but not of boyishness. It probably was made before the middle of his reign.

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