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Beliefs Beliefs

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Title Type
Abraham
Abraham

Abraham was born in Ur of the Chaldees. Abraham married Sarah. He migrated to the Land of Canaan. When a famine took place, Abraham moved to Egypt. Ismail and Isaac were two of his sons.

Prophet

Abusir
Abusir

Abusir is situated to the north of Saqqara. It has the remains of the sun temples, pyramids, and some private tombs of the Fifth Dynasty .

Archaeological Site

Abydos
Abydos

Abydos is the Greek name of the ancient Egyptian town called Abdju. It was the capital of the eighth nome of Upper Egypt and the main cult center of Osiris. Within the region, there are many archaeological sites.

Archaeological Site

Aegis with Apis Head
Aegis with Apis Head

The head of a bull, symbolizing Apis, is on the top of this aegis, or shield. Apis wears the horned sun disk crown decorated with the cobra and surmounted by two feathers.

Aegis

Aegis with the Head of Anukis
Aegis with the Head of Anukis

The aegis is a pectoral decorated with the heads of gods. This example is decorated with the head of the goddess Anukis wearing her feathered crown.

Aegis

Akhmim
Akhmim

Akhmim is situated to the east of Sohag. It was an important town that was sacred to the fertility god Min. Ramesses the Second built a huge temple there.

Archaeological Site

Al-Laiyth Ibn Saad
Al-Laiyth Ibn Saad

Al-Laiyth Ibn-Saad was born in Cairo, his family was originally from Isfahan (now in Iran). He was taught in Egypt by prominent scholars and orators and then he traveled to other countries to study under the supervision of Iraqi and Hijazi sheikhs. According to the historical sources, he was a wealthy person.

Scholar

Alabaster Boat
Alabaster Boat

This alabaster boat stands on a base representing a square pool.

Boat

Alabaster Headrest
Alabaster Headrest

The ancient Egyptians slept on beds covered with mattresses and provided with headrests. It is believed that the headrest allowed air to circulate round the neck of the sleeper, or kept his hairstyle in shape. In this headrest, the base, the shaft and the neck support are carved from the same block.

Headrest

Alabaster Offering Table
Alabaster Offering Table

Most offering tables were cut in a rectangular shape, but this one is circular. The lower part of the table is carved with the traditional Hetep hieroglyphic sign, which means "offering." The upper surface is carved with vessels and there are holes cut into the surface so that liquids, such as water, beer or wine, could be poured on the table.

Offering Table

Amarna Art
Amarna Art

Amarna art, influenced by the Aten Cult founded by Akhenaten, is characterized by a realistic style in portraying royalty.

Article

Amduat of Nespaqashuty
Amduat of Nespaqashuty

The book is an abbreviated version for Nespaqashuty of the book of the Amduat"the book of the underworld", which describes the journey of the sun god through the 12 hours of the night.

Papyrus

Amduat of an Unknown Official
Amduat of an Unknown Official

This funerary papyrus shows the 11th and the 12th hours of the Amduat, or "Book of the Underworld." The Amduat describes the journey of the sun god through the 12 hours of the night.

Papyrus

Ameneminet Begging for Offerings
Ameneminet Begging for Offerings

Ameneminet is squatting with his hand to his mouth imploring visitors to give him offerings. Before him stands a sistrum, or rattle, a symbol of the goddess Hathor.

Statue

Amenhotep the Fourth,
Amenhotep the Fourth, "Akhenaten"

This head was once part of an Osiride statue erected by the king at Thebes. It should be dated to his early years since Akhenaten would certainly never have erected such a structure in the very shadow of the Temple of Amun at Karnak after departing for Amarna.

Head

Amenhotep the Third and the God Sobek
Amenhotep the Third and the God Sobek

King Amenhotep the Third is depicted in this sculpture with the crocodile god Sobek. The king's graceful face conveys a sense of youth but not of boyishness. It probably was made before the middle of his reign.

Statue

Amulet Depicting Feathers of Amun
Amulet Depicting Feathers of Amun

The amulet depicts the two ostrich feathers that were part of the crown of the god Amun. Although made from inanimate objects, this type of amulet is considered to have authority and power.

Amulet

Amulet in Form of Two Fingers
Amulet in Form of Two Fingers

The amulet depicts a pair of fingers. In the netherworld, a pair of fingers could substitute for damaged body parts or organs and could be used for protection against magic.

Amulet

Amulet in the Form of a Cow
Amulet in the Form of a Cow

The gold cow might have been used as an amulet or a piece of inlay. Attached to its neck is a sistrum, which is a musical rattle and symbol of the goddess Hathor. In Ancient Egypt, the cow is Hathor's sacred animal.

Amulet

Amulet in the Shape of Winged Vulture
Amulet in the Shape of Winged Vulture

This amulet depicts the vulture Nekhbet, patron goddess of Upper Egypt. It is in the form of a miniature wide Usekh collar and is made of beaten gold with a counterweight. It was found among many pieces of jewelry belonging to King Psusennes the First.

Amulet

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