Abydos is the Greek name of the ancient Egyptian town called Abdju. It was the capital of the eighth nome of Upper Egypt and the main cult center of Osiris. Within the region, there are many archaeological sites.
Al-Laiyth Ibn-Saad was born in Cairo, his family was originally from Isfahan (now in Iran). He was taught in Egypt by prominent scholars and orators and then he traveled to other countries to study under the supervision of Iraqi and Hijazi sheikhs. According to the historical sources, he was a wealthy person.
The ancient Egyptians slept on beds covered with mattresses and provided with headrests. It is believed that the headrest allowed air to circulate round the neck of the sleeper, or kept his hairstyle in shape. In this headrest, the base, the shaft and the neck support are carved from the same block.
Most offering tables were cut in a rectangular shape, but this one is circular. The lower part of the table is carved with the traditional Hetep hieroglyphic sign, which means "offering." The upper surface is carved with vessels and there are holes cut into the surface so that liquids, such as water, beer or wine, could be poured on the table.
This head was once part of an Osiride statue erected by the king at Thebes. It should be dated to his early years since Akhenaten would certainly never have erected such a structure in the very shadow of the Temple of Amun at Karnak after departing for Amarna.
King Amenhotep the Third is depicted in this sculpture with the crocodile god Sobek. The king's graceful face conveys a sense of youth but not of boyishness. It probably was made before the middle of his reign.
The gold cow might have been used as an amulet or a piece of inlay. Attached to its neck is a sistrum, which is a musical rattle and symbol of the goddess Hathor. In Ancient Egypt, the cow is Hathor's sacred animal.
This amulet depicts the vulture Nekhbet, patron goddess of Upper Egypt. It is in the form of a miniature wide Usekh collar and is made of beaten gold with a counterweight. It was found among many pieces of jewelry belonging to King Psusennes the First.