The golden coin was minted during the reign of Ptolemy the Third Euergetes. The obverse of the coin bears a portrait of Berenice the Second. The reverse bears the cornucopia, or horn of plenty, knotted with the diadem and with a star on each side.
The billon coin, an alloy of bronze and silver, is dated to the first year of the reign of Nero. On the obverse, the portrait of Nero looks to the right and he wears the radiant crown. On the reverse, the portrait of Serapis looks to the right.
The Byzantine bronze coin depicts Emperor Phocas who reigned from AD 602 to AD 610. The front of the coin shows the bust of Phocas facing right. He is wearing a diadem, a military cloak and a breastplate that covers his torso. The reverse side of the coin shows a cross between the letters "IB." A 12-nummia series of coins has a barbarous appearance. It is said to be attributed to Phocas and to the mint of Alexandria.
The Byzantine bronze coin depicts Emperor Heraclius who reigned from AD 610 to AD 641. The denomination of the coin is 12 nummia. The coin was made in the mint in Alexandria. The front side of the coin shows three figures standing and facing forward. The individuals are namely Heraclonas left, Heraclius center and Heraclius Constantine right.
The Byzantine bronze coin depicts Emperor Justinian the First who reigned from AD 527 to AD 565. The coin was made in the mint of Alexandria. The denomination of the coin is 12 nummia. On the front of the coin is a bust of Justinian the First looking right. He is wearing a diadem, a military cloak and a breastplate that covers his torso.
A Byzantine bronze coin is dated to the time of Heraclius, who was considered to be one of the greatest rulers of the Byzantine Empire and the founder of an outstanding dynasty, which lasted for many years.
The gold octodrachm was minted in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy the Second (Philadelphus) or Ptolemy the Third. Ptolemy the Second and Arsinoe the Second are depicted on the reverse. Ptolemy the First and Berenice the First are depicted on the other side.
The currency system in Egypt was based upon three coins: the gold dinar, the silver dirham and the copper fils. The gold dinars were the principal currency upon which the other units were based, while the copper fils and silver dirhams where used at the level of local markets.
The dinar is generally square in shape and is decorated with two squares, one inside the other, that surround text on on both the obverse and the reverse. The dinar is unique to the Muslim world and the only object from the period of Abi Al-Hagag Yusuf the Second, ruler of Bani Nasr in Andalusia (Kingdom of Granada).
A gold dinar with inscriptions distributed on both sides; on each one the writing consists of a central legend, an inner margin and a rim inscription. The words on the recto testify to the oneness of God and there is a Qur'anic verse on each margin.
The gold dinar of Al-Seri is historically important. The names Al-Seri and Taher Dhu Al-Yameneyn are engraved on the coin instead of the name of the Abbasid Caliph, which suggests Egypt's attempt for independence from the Abbasid Caliphate.