Al-Adel Seif Al-Din (Al-Adel The Second) was the son of the Sultan Al-Kamil Ibn Al-Adel Ibn Ayyub. This Sultan ruled for almost two years and three months. His reign was generally characterized by weakness and corruption, for he was an idle and frivolous person; as a result of this the Ayyubid state began to break up.
Had the Sultan Al-Malik Al-Aziz Emad Al-Din Othman Ibn Salah Al-Din Al-Ayyubi lived longer, the history of the Ayyubids might have taken a different turn. He gained the Sultanate when he was twenty one years old.
Al-Zahir Jaqmaq originated in the Caucasus. He was a Mamluk, then he rose to several posts during the reign of Barquq and the period that followed. He was appointed head of chamberlains at the time of Sultan Barsbay, or more precisely deputy to the Sultan in the state.
In his early years, Seif Al-Din Qutuz was the slave of Ibn Al-Adeem and was eventually sold to Ezz Al-Din Aybak. He gradually ascended in various positions until he became the leader of Aybak's armies.
Abu Al-Mafakher Shaaban was born in 754 after Hijra (AD 1353). He became the ruler of Egypt on Tuesday 15 Shaaban 764 after Hijra (29 May AD 1363). Over time he successfully got rid of Mamluk princes who had aspirations to the throne.
Sultan Tuman Bay was of Circassian origin. He was one of Al-Gamadareyya Mamluks or those who were responsible for the Sultan's attire. He was appointed deputy of Alexandria during the time of Sultan Al-Nasir Mohammad Ibn Qaitbay. He was also appointed in the position of the great Dawadar (The responsible for the incoming and outgoing mail of the Sultan) during the time of Sultan Al-Zahir Abu Said Qansuh.
Al-Aziz Yussuf became sultan after the death of his father Barsbay, when he was fourteen years old; he was the son of Barsbay by his Circassian wife Khond Galban.
As he had no experience in managing the affairs of the Sultanate, Prince Jaqmaq, later Sultan Jaqmaq, took over the responsibility, and soon dethroned the young sultan.
Al-Malik Al-Kamil Nasir Al-Din Mohammad Ibn Al-Malik Al-Adil Ibi Bakr or Sultan Al-Kamil ruled alongside his father, Sultan Al-Adil or Sayf Aldin, until AH 615 (AD 1218) when he began to rule alone. He was remembered as a just and stable ruler.
Al-Nasir Mohammad became Sultan of Egypt after the killing of his brother Sultan Al-Ashraf Khalil. Sultan Al-Nasir witnessed many revolts by Kitbugha (Katubġā)and Lajin but was finally able to suppress them.
Al-Zahir Tatar was one of a group of Mamluks who belonged to Sultan Al-Zahir Barquq. After Al-Zahir Barquq released him from bondage; he began his ascent through various ranks until he reached the position of Prince of Council, during the rule of Al-Mu'ayyad Sheikh.