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Ships, Ports, and Shipbuilding

Collection of 9 Articles

Shipbuilding and Trade in the Islamic Period




the name of a religion that is centered on the Qur'an, the word of God as passed through the Prophet Muhammad


stylized palm leaf used as a decorative element

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Rug from Asia Minor
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Rugs and carpets of this type have been considered to be the most famous oriental Islamic products in Europe from the 18th century on. The carpets represent a rustic artistic style that was locally developed by the tribes that inhabit the mountainous areas of Anatolia. Such areas were often isolated and were outside official governmental control.

The number of carpets of this kind has increased since the 17th century. They can be historically traced according to their artistic characteristics such as design and color. Cities like Ladik, Kula and Ghiordes are considered to be the most important centers of their production in Anatolia. Archaeologists refer this particular rug to the city of Kurdiz.

The design of the rug is a mihrab (prayer direction niche). The mihrab has a triple arch, while it is supported on the two middle side parts. The two columns of the mihrab were developed to form two bands, from which flowers are hanging. On top of the triple arch of the mihrab there are several narrow horizontal bands of stylized geometrical and floral designs. Above these horizontal bands there is a rectangle also containing stylized floral and geometrical designs.

The base of the mihrab is on a rectangle that exactly resembles the one above the arch. The border of the rug is somehow narrow and is separated from the area of the prayer niche by ten narrow frames. All the frames are ornamented with foliage and stylized palmettos.

This style, which is characteristic of Kurdiz is notable for its subdued colors and tight weaving. The rug represents a stereotype of design and ornament, which is obvious in the repetition of the ornamental elements. These elements reflect the tribal hues that characterize rugs of this type.

Dimensions:  Width 130 cm  Length 230 cm

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Bibliotheca Alexandrina Museum


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18th Century AD

12th Century AH

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Arts and Crafts
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