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Glossary

Coptic

It is a name for Egyptians of the Christian faith and their Church. It is also the name for the last form of the ancient Egyptian language, which was written with mostly Greek letters. The Coptic language survives only as a liturgical language of the Coptic Orthodox Church.

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Wooden Altar
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This hollow wooden rectangular altar has four pillars on the long sides and two on the small sides. The pillars are decorated with spiral lines ending with floral crowns, surmounted by lintels. The lintels are surrounded by floral branches and are adorned with shells; one shell on the small sides and three on the long sides. Each shell has a small cross inside.

This altar is perhaps the oldest altar in the world. It has been replaced by a stone altar in the same place inside the cave. It dates back to the fourth or fifth century AD.

It's worth mentioning that this altar differs completely from the altars of the Coptic Orthodox Church, which are usually closed and have one opening toward the East, where there is a door through which one can go inside the altar.

This one resembles some of the altars of the Catholic Church. The altars of the Coptic Orthodox Church are now mostly made of stone or marble.

Dimensions:  Height 105 cm  Length 120 cm  Width 75 cm

Attributes Attributes

Culture:

Coptic

Technique:

Engraved

Style:

Byzantine

Materials:

Sycamore
Type Type

Type:

Altar
Map Map

Location: 

The Coptic Museum

Created: 

Church of Saint Sergius
Timeline Timeline

Created: 

4th Century AD - 5th Century AD
Topics Topics

Topics:

Arts and Crafts
Architecture
Society and Culture
Religion and Spirituality
Beliefs
Sites & Museums Sites & Museums
The Coptic Museum
Connections Connections
Spoon for Eucharist
Spoon for Eucharist

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